CHAPTER 9.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier
Semester
Winter

Description
CHAPTER 9 MARTIN LUTHER'S IDENTITY CRISIS Who am i? whats my place in adult hood? traumatizing incident as a kid, figured out an answer of identity and startd a movement, soon becoming the protestant reformation (started th emassive religious movement. a sense of identity that providid his life with a sense of purpose  INCIDENT # 1: Fit in the choir: the incident where he fell in the ground. terror and confusion of a young man who has come to deny his assumption about his place in the world, who he is and how he fits in the adult world. he felt cut off from all that of his previous life that was meaningful. it is in part of 2 other events  INDICENT # 2: while following the career path his parents laid out for him. going to uni, hopping away, sturuck by lightning, falls to the ground and yells "i wanna be a monk" tadadada and so he does. the end now we can all go home.. after 4 more chapter 8-) i joking!.. he becomes a monk. eriksons version of the story: deeper doubt and ambivalence (having conflicting feelings)  hallucinated devils presence.. saw him in people ( ppl he hated) responding to them how he wud respond to the devil aka "old evil foe" . some next pope has his own thing goingin the church, who was luther competition, so he became the devil later, with all these evil and kniving church policies the other pope had going on.. gangstaaazz.. ahhaha buy salvation with money LOL. roman church=enemy so he wanted alternative image for self, new identity  INCIDENT#3: some new insight on the lines "the just shall live by faith" so gods more directly accessible to the common person than the orthodox church god. like ERIKSON SAYS: identity is a characteristic developmental adaptation, resolution of important life tasks during particular stage of development. dude went from high NAch (youth)- a High NPow (midlife). he was Neurotic and conscienceinkjhfsjhfteous [stubbown, obsessive, agressive, hard working, strong willed. the txtbook author says the devil could have been a self of luther. LEOVINGER (ego makes sense of exp) vs ERIKSON (id, intim, gener):  erikson: emo and socio aspects of development  leovinger: cognition and knowing ERIK ERIKSON'S THEORY OF PSYCHO SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT Developmental stages in child hood  freud was strongest influence. evolution of sexual drives from birth to puberty. libido: energy from sexual drives. 5 stages of libido development. ine ach stage libido develops thru a particular body zone called Erogenous zone:ie mouth in the first stage.  first 5 of eriksons stages paralel freuds, the later 8 expand beyond to midd age and later years.  all of eriksons theory has interpersonal, social, cultural and historic context in which developmental tasks have diff meanings.  each stage has polarity. positive feature VS negative feature and this sets the psychosocial conflict. they create a central conflict that defines the stage.  theres a question and theres an answer in each stage, u might not be asking it, but ur development is.. da fuq? :| who am i.. i am neooo.. matrixxx bla blabla.. (not in the text book) development is structured as tho asking a question.  Stage I: Infancy (0-1 yrs) [freud's oral]  Issue: Trust vs. Mistrust  Maladaptation: Sensory Distortion  Malignancy: Withdrawal  Virtue: Hope  Stage II: Toddlerhood (2-3 years) [freud's anal]  Issue: Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt  Maladaptation: Impulsivity  Malignancy: Compulsion  Virtue: Will  Stage III :Preschool Childhood (3-6 yrs) [freud's phallic]  Issue: Initiative vs. Guilt  Maladaptation: Ruthlessness  Malignancy: Inhibition  Virtue: Purpose  in this stage boys are intrusive: physically and abnoxiously ( with bodies and loud noises) VS girls are inclusive (teasing or demanding or grasping)  Stage IV: School-Age Childhood (7-12 yrs) [freud's latency]  Issue: Industry vs. Inferiority  Maladaptation: Narrow Virtuosity  Malignancy: Inertia  Virtue: Competence  Stage V: Adolescence (13-18 yrs) [freud's genital LOL stage]  Issue: Identity vs. Role Confusion  Maladaptation: Fanaticism  Malignancy: Repudiation  Virtue: Fidelity  Stage VI: Young Adulthood (the 20s)  Issue: Intimacy vs. Isolation  Maladaptation: Promiscuity  Malignancy: Exclusion  Virtue: Love  Stage VII:Mature Adulthood (the 30s-50s)  Issue: Generativity vs. Stagnation  Maladaptation: Overextension  Malignancy: Rejectivity  Virtue: Care  Stage VIII:Old Age (the 60s and beyond)  Issue: Ego-Integrity vs. Despair  Maladaptation: Presumption  Malignancy: Disdain  Virtue: Wisdom --> Early Object relations  erikson expanded, to develop social and cultural world of a developing person.  freud: sucking, oral pleasure through mouth VS erikson: sucking establishes long-term attachment LOL (no it does not..) and an unconscious trust in the world. where was i for this.  object relation: interpersonal relationships . comes from freud: ppl become targets of their sex drives. HAH. more generally it means that theres a relationship, of intimate sort ( and strong emotional). direct libidinal energy towards spouse, they are your objects of sexual drive then  Object relation theorists study such relations but focus on how deep involvement with others are played out in an unconscious fantasy. esp in that of infants and children.  these guys argue that we internalize models of close relationships in the first few years of our life and these internalized object relations influence long-term personality development.  Margaret Mahler: object relation theory focusing on the process of Seperation Individuation: o infacts begin in self contained and oblivious state, begins to feel the sense of merger or symbiosis with others (objects) ard 3 mons. then gradually differentiates the self from that symbiotic union. so this process of seperating from the union or onness with objects is Seperation indivuation, o seperation indivduation begins ard 5-6 mons. o phase 1: 5-9 monz differentiate body image. understand that its body is seperate from the object of its desires. check back and see if shes still there by making sounds or eye contact. o phase 2: practicing (10-14), locomotor abilities enable to explore inanimate environment with greater ease. presense of mother promotes this exploration o phase 3: Rapproachment: 14-24 monz. increased awareness of mothers seperateness and may go in a conflict in the urge to reunite with her vs the urge to seperate completely. in the end establishing a stable sense of self and other achieving Emotional Object Constancy.  Heings Kohut: Self Psychology o at the center of personality is a Bipolar self (that ought to explain saar and nabila): 2 poles: 1) ambitions for power and success and (2) idealized goals and values. linked in a "Tention Arc": a persons basic talent ad skills. o person is driven by ambition and guided by values and goals in accord with talents and skills. o bipolar self is stuctured in the early years of life as kid interacts with important self- objects: people so central to our lives, that we feel theyre a part of us. bipolar self evolves thru relations with these self-objects. o Mirroring self objects: this is the ambition pole of the bipolar self. mother shoudl appreciate the childs vigor? thats what my improperly scanned copy showed me.. and their power andbudd
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