CH 9 Developmental Stages and Tasks

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Marc A Fournier

CHAPTER 9 DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES & TASKS Martin Luthers experience is that of a person having an identity crisis Catholic monk in 20s Began roaring like a bull one day after having read a testament about Christs cure of a man who could not speak Was heard yelling ch bin nit - I am not! I am nothing; I do not know who I am! Occurred during Luthers period of religious doubt Could not answer: who am i? & how do I fit into the adult world? Worked out an ideological solution within 4 years & later translated this solution into radical public action. Continued on to becoming a very influential man Martin Luthers Identity Crisis Credited with starting massive religious and cultural mvmt (Protestant Reformation) &translated the Bible into German Erik Erikson did a psychobiological analysis of Luthers identity formation - Young Man Luther the fit in the choir critical event in which he felt cut off from all that once had meaning in his life Low point of Luthers identity struggle Sandwiched bw two other key events When walking to U of Erfurt (for law) at age 18, was nearly struck by lightning in a thunderstorm and cried out for help from St. Anne & admitted his wanting to be a monk [thunderstorm affirmed commitment to Catholic Church] -prayed, and tortured himself more often than the other monks &was obsessive over scripture nuances [was too passionate &intense thin disguise for deeper doubt and ambivalence] Self-doubt intensified self-observation in exaggerated obedience to demands Doubt of authority scrutiny of authoritative books 1 -Luthers projection of the devil onto others devil incarnate was the Catholic Pope &church estmt he rep.d -Identified the Church as the enemy; desperately sought for a new image of self Experienced revelation in tower of Wittenberg by the sentence The just shall live by faith. He envisioned a new image of God more directly accessible to the common person than more distant version by the Church. -this religious insight consolidated his new identity Refer to table 9.1, page 349 for the major events in the life of Martin Luther Erikson: identity vs. role confusion marks the key developmental task of young adulthood Luther continued to change and develop (w. respect to who he was &how he fit into the world) Key incidents that stirred his identity concerns also took place later in late adolescent &early adult life when many first confront the problem of identity (Erikson) Eriksons concept of identity a characteristic developmental adaptation; an aspect of personality that involves the resolution of important life tasks during a particular stage of dvmt (^cannot be understood outside a developmental context) Level of individuality: high conscientiousness & neuroticism Level of dispositional traits: hard-working, strong-willed, stubborn, obsessive, open-minded &authoritarian Level of motives: high achievement motivation (adolescence)higher power system (early adulthood) Social-cognitive adaptations: simple construct system (God vs. Devil) Explanatory style: external, stable, &global forces 2 most integrative &influential theories of dvmt found in personality Eriksons Psychosocial dvmt [emotional &social] 8 stages of life, birth-death 2
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