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University of Toronto Scarborough
Oren Amitay

Attachment System: - John Bowlby: British psychologist - Bowl by had been asked by the British government to look into the question of why so many children following the war who had been displaced, orphaned or hospitalized seemed to be so many unexpected adjustment difficulties. - Bowlby was one of the first to go and research about the primacy of the infant-caregiver relation and how important it is for infants to experience a warm, intimate and consistent relationship with their caregivers. - Attachment Behavioral system: an evolved goal directed, behavioral system that was presumed to regulate childrens distances from their caregivers. - Such a system would have been very adaptive over the human evolution the thinking is that children who arent bonded to their parents and parents who arent bonded to their children are at an adaptive disadvantage. If children wonder away from their parents wo any distress at such an experience are at greater risk of being injuredkilled which limits the reproductive fitness. - Such a system would have evolved, because it ensured that caregivers and infants remained in close proximity, which meant that caregivers would provide the care and protection that children need in order to survive to reproductive age. The attachment system is a behavior regulating system that fxns like a barometerthermostat, regulating proximity. When the circumstances are safe and secure the acceptable distance from a caregivermom is larger and children can stray further away from where their caregivers are. When situations change and become more uncertain and unsafe, when strangers appear, the idea is that the new appreciation of the situation causes the child to seek proximity, to return to the care of the mother and so the acceptable distance from the mother to the child and mother depends on how familiar and unfamiliar the situation is. - Bowlby speculated that the mother plays a very important fxn in the social and emotional development of children. They serve 2 specific fxns: 1. secure base mom serves as a base of operations. When things are ok, the toddler is free to explore the surroundings; the mother provides the secure launching pad for such exploratory behavior. When situations change, and when circumstances become less predictable, the protection of the mother is sought as a 2. Safe haven. - The attachment process is for a primary caregiver not just the mother. 1 www.notesolution.com
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