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Lecture 13 & 14 notes for Final

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Marc A Fournier

Lectures 13 & 14 Humanism (optimistic stance) 3 organizing force of the 20 century. [1 was st psychoanalysis (dark stance); 2 was behaviourism (neutral stance)] An optimistic view of the person as inherently good Views the human being as rational, purposeful, and autonomous, capable of creativity, self-regulation and experiencing deep and profound insights into reality The 3rd force of psychology, a viable viewpoint on human nature that is distinctive from both psychoanalysis and behaviorism Carl Rogers (1902-1987) Originator of clinical psychology and gave a definition of personality - we are all in the process of becoming who we really are intended to be (to actualize the true self self- actualization) The Organismic Valuing Process (OVP) Humans have a fundamental capacity to perceive the growth-relevant implications of their experiences and choices, referring to the little voice that tells us what we are doing is right or wrong The Fully Functioning Person Has actualized the true self Openness to Experience the person is free of the need to defensibly distort their experiences; able to listen attentively without anxiety both to the stimuli within them and the stimuli from the outer environment, no complexes etc. Existential Living free to live in the moment Self-Trust trust their inner intuitions (what the OVP is instructing them to do; they go with their gut) www.notesolution.comBecoming a person Positive Regard all of us have this need to be loved and accepted, respected Conditions of Worth there are conditions attached to the worth that we receive - set up the circumstances where they derail our innate self. Conditional Positive Regard love and approval are earned occasionally by meeting certain conditions Client Centered (Rogerian) Therapy Unconditional Positive Regard that they never received historically Empathic Understanding a key way of conveying the unconditional positive regard; that you can see and validate the perspective they have on their history Reflection a counselor actually expresses the clients attitudes and feelings; a method of conveying empathic understanding Reflection is thought to have a transforming effect. Psychotherapy deals primarily with the organization and the functioning of the self. There are many elements of experience which the self cannot face, cannot clearly perceive, because to face them or admit them would be inconsistent with, and threatening to, the current organization of the self. In client-centered therapy, the client finds in the counsellor a genuine alter-ego in an operational and technical sense. A self that has temporarily divested itself as far as possible of its own self-hood, except for the one quality the endeavour to understand. In the therapeutic experience, to see ones own attitudes confusions and ambivalences, feelings and perceptions accurately expressed by another, but stripped of their complications of emotion is to see ones self objectively and paves the way for acceptance into the self of all these elements, which are now more clearly perceived.
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