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Lecture 20 - Detailed notes for the final

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Marc A Fournier

Lecture 20 Safeguarding Strategies distinctive in the lives of neurotic people Adler thought that the feelings of inferiority were universal there is something that makes everyone feel inferior, and then the compensatory behaviours arise to fix them. This tension between the feeling of inferiority and superiority is at the heart of neurotic behaviour, in Adlers view. Neurotic individuals are therefore expected to be extremely self-absorbed and self-preoccupied, because they have to constantly attend to their feelings of inferiority. The expectation than is that the neurotic individual has a much deeper rooted sense of inferiority. Fortunately, we have at our disposal a wide range of strategies with which to safeguard or protect our sense of self- esteem or security: Rationalizing Strategies, Aggressive Strategies and Distancing Strategies. Rationalizing Strategies refer to the tactical use of ones own symptoms to explain why one cant face up to various life challengesdemands. The neurotic individual excuses himherself from the challenges of life by the tactical use of their symptoms. Aggressive Strategies refer to devaluating others in comparison to oneself, blaming others for ones own felt sense of inferiority or blaming ones self in order to attract attention or sympathy from others. Distancing Strategies refer to the restriction of ones participation in life, therefore limiting the opportunities one has to fail. These are the strategies that are the hallmark of the neurotic functioning personality and all of these strategies would represent non-aggressive ways of keeping lifes challenges at a safe distance, where they cannot be harmful. Earliest Memories & Style of Life
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