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University of Toronto Scarborough
Marc A Fournier

PSYB30 Monday, February 28 Lecture 12 Goals and Strivings -this is the second half of the course -for the next several weeks, we will attempt to fill in the details -we will acknowledge the limitations to traits -will be discussing the stylistic ways in which they adapt to their environments -will be discussing a new domain of concepts; characteristics adaptations -how we adapt to out environment -motivational constructs, cognitive constructs, and developmental constructs McClelland -the advisor of McAdams -pioneered the study of several motivations; what he called needs -he introduced the idea of implicit motives; that were outside of our conscious awareness -motives are like a lens; a way of filtering ones experience into the kinds of qualities that are relevant to you -the motivational preferences that ppl have will influence the way in which they view the world -motives are different from traits -traits refer to the question of what; what behavs do ppl show, what though do ppl typically have? etc. -motivational constructs reference questions that begin with why -why does someone do what they have? -this is us seeking the underlying motivation for their behav.s -motive and conscious intention; some motives are aware to us and we have access to them -McClelland felt that there were certain motivations that were only partly accessible to consciousness, that lie outside of conscious awareness -we should not equate motivation with conscious intention; and most of what motivates us in intentions that we are not consciously aware of -this creates a conundrum methodologically; how do you measure something that ppl are not aware of? -this means you cannot use self-report, so how do we get access to those implicitunconscious motivations? -his strategy was to make use of a method first introduced by Henry Murray decades earlier; known as the TAT -consists of a standardized sequence of cards; the cards depict pictures
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