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PSYB32 – ABNORMAL PSYCH – FINAL EXAM NOTES
PSYB32 – ABNORMAL PSYCH – FINAL EXAM NOTES

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School
University of Toronto Scarborough
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB32H3
Professor
Konstantine Zakzanis
Semester
Fall

Description
PSYB32ABNORMAL PSYCHFINAL EXAM NOTESChapter 11SCHIZOPHRENIASchizophrenia a group of psychotic disorders characterized by major disturbances in thought emotion and behaviour disordered thinking in which ideas are not logically related faulty perception and attention bizarre disturbances in motor activity flat or inappropriate emotions and reduced tolerance for stress in interpersonal relations The person withdraws from people and reality often into a fantasy life of delusions and hallucinationsOne of most severe psychopathologiesEstimates of prevalence in general population vary between 02 and 2 in part dependent upon measurement instrument prevalence generally accepted to be about 1May be real variation in schizophrenia across geographical regions around the world Asian populations having lowest prevalence ratesIncidence significantly higher in males than females malefemale ratio14Schizophrenia sometimes begins in childhood usually appears in late adolescence or early adulthood somewhat earlier for men than for womenPeople with schizophrenia typically have number of acute episodes of their symptomsBetween episodes often have less severe but still very debilitating symptomsIn Canada hospitalization rates typically much higher among young men relative to young womenAbout 10 of people with schizophrenia commit suicideMany people with schizophrenia remain chronically disabled disability can be attributed to symptoms inherent in schizophrenia as well as comorbid disorders from which approximately 40 of those with schizophrenia sufferIn recent German study outcome of recovery and remission predictors included baseline functional status and whether there was early remission within first 3 monthsGoodremitted outcome occurred in 42 of clients poorchronic outcome in 27Outcomes for childonset schizophrenia 16 had good outcome 24 had moderately improved outcome and 60 had poor outcomeIn 2004 estimated 235 305 schizophrenics in CanadaOverall 374 deaths that year attributed to schizophreniaDisorders total estimated costs include health care and lost productivity due to early morbidity and mortality were 685 billion 70 of which was cost of lost productivitySCHIZOPHRENIA AND COMORBIDITYkAlogiaa negative symptom in schizophrenia marked by poverty of speech and of speech contentAnhedonia a negative symptom of in schizophrenia in which the individual is unable to feel pleasure
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