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PSYB32 Exam Key Terms

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Konstantine Zakzanis

SCHIZOPHRENIA KEY TERMS Alogia A negative symptom in schizophrenia, marked by poverty of speech content Anhedonia A negative symptom in schizophrenia in which the individual is unable to feel pleasure Antipsychotic drugs Psychoactive drugs, such as Thorazine, that reduce psychotic symptoms but have long-term side effects resembling symptoms of neurological diseases Asociality A negative symptom of schizophrenia marked by an inability to form close relationships and to feel intimacy Avolition A negative symptom in schizophrenia in which the individual lacks interest and drive Catatonic A fixity of posture, sometimes grotesque, maintained for long periods, with immobility accompanying muscular rigidity, trancelike state of consciousness, and waxy flexibility Catatonic A subtype of schizophrenia whose primary symptoms alternate between schizophrenia stuporous immobility and excited agitation Cognitive A treatment for schizophrenia that involves competence-based training in enhancement cognitive capacities and skills (i.e., attention, memory, and problem solving) and therapy (CET) social-cognitive skills (i.e., conversing with someone) Delusional disorder A disorder in which the individual has persistent persecutory delusions or delusional jealousy and is very often contentious but has no thought disorder or hallucinations Delusional jealousy The unfounded conviction that one’s mate is unfaithful; the individual may collect small bits of “evidence” to justify the delusion Delusions Beliefs contrary to reality, firmly held in spite of evidence to the contrary, common in paranoid disorders: of control, belief that one is being manipulated by some external force such as radar, television, or a creature from outer space; of grandeur, belief that one is an especially important or powerful person; of persecution, belief that one is being plotted against or oppressed by others Dementia praecox An older term for “schizophrenia” chosen to describe what was believed to be an incurable and progressive deterioration of mental functioning beginning with adolescence Disorganized A subtype of schizophrenia in which the person has diffuse and regressive schizophrenia symptoms; the individual is given silliness, facial grimaces, and inconsequential rituals and has constantly changeable moods and poor hygiene. There are a few significant remissions and eventually considerable deterioration. This form of schizophrenia was formerly called “hebephrenia” Disorganized speech Refers to problems in organizing ideas and in speaking so that a listener can (thought disorder) understand. Also known as formal thought disorder Dopamine theory The view that schizophrenia arises from an increase in the number of dopamine receptors Expressed emotion In the literature of schizophrenia, the amount of hostility and criticism directed (EE) from other people to the client, usually within a family Flat affect A deviation in emotional response wherein virtually no emotion is expressed whatever the stimulus, emotional expressiveness is blunted, or a lack of expression and muscle one is noted in the face Grandiose delusions Found in paranoid schizophrenia, delusional disorder, and mania, an exaggerated sense of one’s importance, power, knowledge, or identity Group homes Care facilities in which groups of individuals live semi-cooperatively in one home or facility. Group homes are often recommended for schiz
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