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PSYB20 PRACTICE QUESTIONS exam 2.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB32H3
Professor
Diane Mangalindan
Semester
Fall

Description
PSYB20 PRACTICE QUESTIONs (midterm 2) 1) Navy started out using proper grammar, after a while she says goes and comes instead of went. Which type of error is this A) over generalization B) grammatical C) under extension D) overextension 2. Helen uses the word doggie to cover many different things including all four legged animals this is an error called A) over generalization B) grammatical C) under extension D) overextension 3. Dora only refers to her dad's Chevy as car, the rest she calls trucks, what error is this A) over generalization B) grammatical C) under extension D) overextension 4. Freddy takes a spoon from his mom then says "me”, implying that she should feed him. This is a case of A) telegraphic speech B) holophrase C) monophrase D) monographic speech 5. Decrease in crying , making soft sounds, cooing and laughing according to turning points are found In which period A) birth B) 1-6 months C) 6-12 months D) 12-18 months 6. The use of humor and metaphor and an increase in sophisticated use of pragmatic rules of communication happens in A) 12-18 months B) 18-24 months C) 24-36 months D) 48-60months 7. In this period , child engages in symbolic gesturing utterance of first words , imitates words , sentences usually one word at first A) 12-18 months * B) 18-24 months C) 24-36 months D)36-48 months 8. Child says "daddy juice" mom responds "daddy drinks juice" child says "give mama" mom responds "give it to mama" the following reflects A) correction B)recast C) expansion D) semantic adjustment 9. All of the following are true to negatives except A) expressing the nonexistence of something "all gone" B) capability of rejecting something "no wash hair" C) ability to deny that something is true "that's not daddy" D) complex auxiliary verbs " I didn't do it E) all of the above are true 10. Which of the following statements is incorrect A) syntax provide meaning B) syntactic bootstrapping is using what you already know about syntax to support learning and comprehension. C) The ability to use semantic and syntactic information improves with age D) children's comprehension of many complex constructions is well understood 11. The understanding that language is a system of communicating with others that is bound by rules is referred to as A) meta linguistic awareness B)phonological awareness C) semantic awareness D)pragmatics awareness 12. The understanding of the sounds of a language and of the properties such as the number of sounds in a word related to these sounds is called A) meta -linguistic awareness B) phonological awareness C) semantic awareness D) pragmatics awareness 13. Rhyming is an instance of A) meta-linguistic awareness B) phonological awareness C) semantic awareness D) pragmatics awareness 14. To be an effective speaker requires a complicated set of skills. Rules of pragmatics include all except. A) Child must engage the attention of her listeners so they know she has a say and they should listen. B) Effective speakers must be sensitive to listeners feedback C) speakers must adjust their speech to the characteristics of their listeners D) age and cultural and social adjustment is not a factor when adjusting speech 15. Norman is 3 years old , he can solve problems concerning perspective but he cannot exam how he arrived at these conclusions this stage is called A) preconceptual stage B) intuitive stage C) initiative stage D) conceptual stage 16. In this sensorimotor stage child starts with involuntary reflexive behavior but gradually fades into voluntary Behavior A) substage 1 B) basic reflex activity C)primary circular reactions D)coordination of secondary schemata E) a and b * 17. During this stage infants produce repetitive Behaviors that are focused on the infants own body A) basic reflex activity B) primary circular reactions C) secondary circular reactions D) coordination of secondary schemata 18. Infant is interested in making this (pleasurable) outside his own body A) basic reflex activity B) primary circular reactions C) secondary circular reactions D) coordination of secondary schemata 19. An infant’s combination of different schemes to achieve a specific goal A) basic reflex activity B)primary circular reactions C)secondary circular reactions D)coordination of secondary schemata 21. Children at this age often experiment by deliberately dropping objects from different heights to see what happens to them A)primary circular reactions B)secondary circular reactions C)coordination of secondary schemata D) tertiary circular reactions 22. The child can now invent new ways to attain a goal by mentally combining schemas, he is no longer limited to physically exploring, manipulating and acting in objects. A) substage 3 B) substage 6 C) substage 5 D) c and d 23. The understanding that altering an object's appearance does not change the basic attributes or properties is called A) conversation B) reversibility C) ends-over-means focus D) conservation 24. Which of the following is true? A) preoperational children can conserve the identity or quality but not the amount or quantity of objects B) preoperational children can conserve the quantity and amount but not the identity or quality of objects C) preoperational children can conserve the identity or quantity but not the amount or quality of objects D) preoperational children can conserve quality and quantity but not amount or identity of objects 25. Children in preoperational are unable to understand reversibility. We ask Tom, do you have a brother? Tom says yes. What's his name? Tom says Jim. We ask Tom does Jim have a brother. Tom will say A) yes B) no C) I don't know D) none of the above 26. Which preoperational substage is marked by egocentrism and animistic thinking A) secondary circular reactions B) intuitive substage 4-7 years C) preconceptual substage 2-4 years D)coordination of secondary schema 27. The period In which the child becomes capable of flexible and abstract thought complex, reasoning and hypothesis testing is A) the stage of concrete operations B) sensorimotor stage C) preoperational stage D) the stage of formal operations 28. Which stage is strongly tied to social and cultural experiences A) the stage of concrete operations B) the stage of formal operations * C) preoperational stage D) preconceptual stage 29. According to Piaget, children will develop understanding of object permanence at the age of A) 6-10 months B) 10-14 months C) 18 months -2 years * D) at concrete operations 30. The perspective when the child can see himself from another's perspective and knows the other person can do the same thing , he can anticipate and consider another's thoughts and feelings A) differentiated perspective B) reciprocal perspective C) mutual perspective D) societal or in-depth perspective 31. According to Vygotsky ___ are tools and signs such as language, counting, algebraic symbols, art and writing. A) Mediators B) mnemonic devices C) scaffolding D) elementary mental functions 32. Consider this example. If all blue people live in red houses, are all people who live in red houses blue? Which stage would a child understand this question A) the stage of concrete operations B) sensorimotor stage C) preoperational stage D) the stage of formal operation 33. According to Vygotsky, basic attention, perception and involuntary memory are called ____ while voluntary attention and intentional remembering i
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