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Chandan Narayan

ch4Student 1Which of the following describes a newborn babyAbrazeltonBpatellarCbabkinDneonate2Your baby Wanda turns her head toward your finger when you stroke her cheek Wanda is demonstratingAthe rooting responseBthat she is hungryCan innate tendency to suckDthe orienting response3Whenever you put your finger in your newborns palm your baby grasps your finger After studying newborn reflexes you are aware thatAbabies soothe themselves by graspingBbabies are very strong when they are bornCgrasping your finger is not a reflexDthis reflex is temporary4One of the newborns permanent reflexes is theAmoro reflexBsucking reflexCpalmar graspDeyeblink reflex5When 3yearold Mario ploughs his tricycle into the side of the crib of his onemonthold brother what response will the infant showAMoro reflexBBabinski reflexCGrasping reflexDRooting reflex6The Babinski reflex causes the baby toAcurve the big toe up and fan and curl the other toesBgrasp the finger or objectCsuck finger rhythmicallyDquickly extend or kick their leg7Which of the following does not justify why infant reflexes can serve as a window to the brainAThe presence or absence of reflexes may indicate the soundness of central nervous system activityBReflexes are central to any neurological exam in infancyCThe developmental course of reflexes varies by reflex thereby giving information regarding specific neurological functioningDReflexes are inconclusive during infancy and only begin to have clinical value during later childhood8The continuum of alertness or consciousness which ranges from vigorous activity to regular sleep is referred to asAactivity levelBstateCsleepwake patternsDrhythms9Studying an infants state is important because it gives insight into the infant and her behaviour More specifically infant stateArejects the idea of rhythms of newborn behaviourBdefines the relationship between environmental stimulation and parental styleCgives insight to the predictability and organization of infant behaviourDidentifies the relationship between fixed rhythms and infants responsiveness10Poor infant attention and responsiveness may not be the result of limited capacity but rather may be reflectingAthe extent of his reflexesBstateCmotivational levelDinadequate physiological functioning11In which of the following infant states would one be likely to observe the least amount of activityAirregular sleepBdrowsinessCwaking activityDcrying12The newborn spends a predominant amount of time in which of the following statesAregular sleepBalert inactivityCREM sleepDcrying13Your cousin and her husband have a 2monthold baby They have read the literature on SIDS and wonder if there is anything they can do to help prevent SIDS in their baby You inform them thatAbecause the cause is unknown there is nothing they can do to reduce the risk of SIDSBSIDS is genetic and they should examine their family historiesCfrequently checking on their infant during sleep is their only course of actionDin other cultures cosleeping may be associated with lower rates of SIDS14Researchers are attempting to understand the problem of SIDS One may conclude thatAthe mystery of the cause of SIDS cannot be solvedBuntil more clarifying research is conducted parents can focus on preventionCthere is nothing that parents can do to reduce the risk of SIDSDSIDS will no longer be a problem if researchers can discover the cause of SIDS15Characteristics of infants who die of SIDS includesAlow birth weight male and female infants with a history of heart problemsBfemale babies with a history of apnea who have parents who smokeClow birth weight male babies with a history of respiratory problemsDmale babies born with complications due to prematurity16Characteristics of parents who had infants who died of SIDS includedAmothers who were anemic smoked and had little prenatal careBmothers who smoked had poor nutrition and had been exposed to radiationCfathers who used narcotics and smokedDparents who left their babies unattended for long periods of time at night17Which of the following statements correctly describes the relationship between infant age and sleepAInfant age and the amount of REM sleep are positively correlatedBInfant age and the amount of dream sleep are positively correlatedCInfant age and the amount of REM sleep are negatively relatedDNo relationship has been observed between infant age and sleep phases18According to the autostimulation theory higher brain centres are stimulated in newborns viaAdreamingBreflexesCvisual trackingDphysical contact with the mother19Based upon the primary premise of the autostimulation theory one would expect which of the following statements to be true comparing infants raised in either socially and physically impoverished or socially and physically enriched homesAInfants raised in socially and physically impoverished homes would spend more time in nonREM sleep as compared to REM sleepBInfants raised in socially and physically enriched homes would spend less time in nonREM sleep as compared to REM sleepCInfants raised in socially and physically enriched homes would spend less time in REM sleep as compared to nonREM sleepDInfants raised in socially and physically impoverished homes would spend less time in REM sleep as compared to nonREM sleep20Newborns spendpercent of their sleep in REM sleep while adults spendpercent of their sleep time in REM sleepA70 20B50 20C50 50D20 5021According to Holdens 1988 research regarding the reasons behind an infants cry one can conclude thatAmoms and dads are equally efficient and accurate in this taskBnonparent women were more efficient and accurate than parent menCmen regardless of parental status were less efficient and accurate than womenDparents regardless of sex were more efficient and accurate than nonparents22Studies of infant crying found thatAcrying decreases with ageBcrying increases with ageCbabies who cry more are spoiled with attentionDthe number of crying episodes remains stable during infancy23The importance of the infant cry is found not only in its use as a communicative device but alsoAin the recognition that atypical cries can serve as a diagnostic tool for atypical development or potential concernsBas a means to assess the effectiveness of motherinfant bondingCto determine lung capacity eg longer and stronger cries are equal to larger lung capacityDas a diagnostic tool for parental effectiveness the less an infant cries the better the parent24Which of the following techniques is not effective in soothing a distressed infantAproviding a pacifierBswaddlingCrockingDignoring the baby25Sucking has been found to be an effective soothing techniqueAonly after the infant has had an opportunity to nurseBimmediately after birth without any prior feedingsCfor only the first few postnatal daysDmore frequently in females than males
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