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test bank ch11.pdf

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB32H3
Professor
Chandan Narayan
Semester
Fall

Description
ch11Student 1The process whereby an individuals standards skills motives attitudes and behaviours are influenced to conform in society isAindividualizationBsocializationCspecializationDindoctrination2Socialization isAlearning socially approved behaviourBdeveloping family relationshipsCdeveloping peer relationshipsDdeveloping social skills3Today parentchild interactions are viewed asAcomplexBreciprocalCunidirectionalDinterchangeable4Which of the following would be least likely involved in the specific transmission of a cultures knowledge and ethical standardsAa churchBa legal institutionCa schoolDa major grocery store chain5Which of the following would be a place where a child would have the least opportunity to test and compare hisher beliefs and behaviour with those of others and to modify social skillsAreligious cultBschoolCpeer groupDhome6The most influential agency in the socialization of children isAchurchBtelevisionCfamilyDschool7Socialization within the family is best conceived as aAunidirectional process of parents influencing childrenBprocess of mutual shaping among its membersCunidirectional process of children influencing parentsDprescribed process with little room to change8FamiliesAfunction in isolation independent of cultural and societal influencesBare simple systems with prescribed roles and rulesCchange over time families experience change as a unit and as individuals within the unitDhave limited influence upon the lives of their children9Which of the following is the earliest and most sustained source of social contact for a childApeersBteachersCfamilyDhospital staff10One task of parents in the socialization process of their children is toAfilter and selectively present the beliefs values and attitudes of the cultureBexpose them to all the beliefs values and attitudes of the cultureCshield them from exposure to cultural beliefs values and attitudes until theyre old enough to decide for themselvesDeliminate all cultural influences until school age so they can be more effective students11How do children learn to express their emotions in socially appropriate waysAThey learn through innate abilitiesBThey learn by reading childrens books on social dilemmasCThey learn through their interactions with their parentsDThey learn through corporal punishment12The most intense and enduring emotional bonds are foundAamong female peersBwithin neighbourhoodsCamong conservative church membersDwithin family relationships13Which of the following would least influence a parents presentation of cultural values and standards to their offspringAparents educationBparents economic classCparents physical characteristicsDparents religious beliefs14Emily is shy while her parents are very outgoing Her parents extroverted behaviour influences Emily to be less shy and she in turn makes overtures to them This illustratesAbondingBscaffoldingCattachmentDreciprocal socialization15Which of the following best explains why family relationships are the most intense and enduring social bonds Families Alive in the same houseBeat togetherCshare a continuity of historyDshare religious beliefs16What role do children play in their own socialization processApassiveBactiveClimitedDnone17Work by therapists and researchers has shown that in order to change the behaviour of a troubled child one must also work to make changes in the family becauseAfamilies are interdependent systemsBchildren cant get to the therapist without their parentsCparents influence their childrenDsiblings can eliminate the work accomplished in therapy very quickly18In the past research on infant psychosocial development focused almost exclusively on mothers and babies The trend today is to studyAthe fathers interaction with the infantBthe siblings interactionsCother caregivers especially nonrelativesDthe family as a functioning unit which is part of a complex network of bidirectional relationships19The current trend in family research is to focus onAthe mothers interaction with the infantBthe fathers interaction with the infantCparents interaction with each otherDinteraction patterns of the entire family20Probably the largest single influence on a childs development is the childsAbirth orderBtemperamentCphysiologyDfamily situation21In order to understand abuse in the family the interactions ofmust be studiedAthe mother and the fatherBthe father and the childCthe mother and the childDall family members22Which of the following is NOT one of the principles of ecological systems perspectiveAorganizationBboundariesCequifinalityDindependence23Which principle in the ecological systems perspective states that the family system attains equilibrium in its functioning and resists forces that might alter this balanceAhomeostasisBGestaltismCinterdependencyDcodependency24The principle in the ecological systems perspective that addresses family roles and patterns of relationships isAinterdependencyBboundariesCsegregationDorganization25Which principle in the ecological systems perspective is concerned with the relationships among family members and their shared influence upon one anotherAcodependencyBorganizationCinterdependencyDholism26Family traditions such as holiday dinner gettogethers can serve to establish a sense of family history This is an example of what process according to the ecological systems perspectiveAtraditionalityBconventionalismCorganizationDhomeostasis
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