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test bank ch14.pdf

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Chandan Narayan

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ch14Student 1Control of very young childrens behaviour is maintained throughAsocial factorsBpersonal feelingsCethical beliefsDinternal standards2As children become older behaviour is increasingly monitored and controlled byAexternal social factorsBinternal standards of conductCgovernment regulationsDinstitutional rules3When moral behaviour is shaped more by personal feelings and ethical beliefs than external factors what process has occurredAextrapolationBsocializationCinternalizationDrepresentation4The most fundamental and essential process in the childs development of morality isAsocializationBinternalizationCexternalizationDrepresentation5Which of the following is NOT one of the three basic components of moralityAcognitive componentBemotional componentCreligious componentDbehavioural component6Which component of morality involves knowledge of ethical rules and judgments of the goodness or badness of various acts or behavioursAbehaviouralBcognitiveCemotionalDreligious7The capacity to experience the same emotion that someone else is experiencing is AfriendshipBempathyCsympathyDconcern8A child is presented with a story in which someone has a conflict about whether or not to lie in a particular situation The child is then asked to decide what is appropriate for the character to do and why What domain of moral development is the researcher examiningAfeelingBcontrastingCbehavingDreasoning9Studies focusing on negative aspects of morality like feelings of shame or guilt after committing a transgression are examiningAcognitive factorsBbehavioural factorsCemotional factorsDpunishment factors10Which theory examines moral judgments in moral development issuesAcognitive theoryBpsychoanalytic theoryCbehavioural theoryDbiological theory11Which theory examines the affective components of moral developmentApsychoanalytic theoryBcognitive theoryCbiological theoryDbehavioural theory12Which theory examines the underpinnings of ethical behaviour in moral developmentApsychoanalytic theoryBcognitive theoryCbiological theoryDlearning theory13The order of Piagets stages of moral reasoning isAmorality of reciprocity premoral moral realismBpremoral morality of reciprocity conventionalCpremoral moral realism morality of reciprocityDmoral realism morality of reciprocity postconventional14What is the second stage of Piagets cognitive theory of moral developmentAmoral reciprocityBmoral realismCmoral reactionismDretrograde morality15Morality of reciprocity is also known asAjusticeBpremoral reasoningCimmanent moralityDautonomous morality16According to Piaget when children understand and accept social rules as well as display concern for equality and reciprocity in relationships they are exhibitingAinfantile moralityBsubjective moralityCmature moralityDmoral justice17Jean Piaget investigated the developmental course of moral judgments by examiningAchanges in childrens attitudes toward rules in games and changes in childrens judgments of the seriousness of transgressions over timeBscenarios then used followup questionnaires and role playingCchanges in childrens attitudesreactions toward discipline and childrens abilities to make moral decisionsDhow frequently children attended church services and the number of aggressive incidents they were committed18Julie and Simon both aged 4 are playing marbles The winner is the person who hits the other persons marbles When asked if they can win by who can shoot a marble the farthest both emphatically yell No believing marble rules cannot be changed This example illustrates Piagets principle ofAobject permanenceBmoral absolutismCreasonable assumptionDimplicit order19Young childrens belief that someone will punish a bad behaviour or something will inevitably happen to that person to get back at them for this bad deed illustrates Piagets principle ofAmoral perspectiveBobject placementCimmanent justiceDlegal reciprocity20Ryan rode his bike throughout the neighbourhood after his mother emphatically said not to leave the yard While riding the bike he got grease from the bike chain on his pants He believed this mess was a punishment for disobeying his mother In Piagetian terms Ryan has a belief inAautonomyBimmanent justiceCreciprocityDrevenge21According to Piaget the two factors that contribute to childrens moral realism are theirand their Aages immature thinkingBegocentrism immature thinkingCpersonalities abstract thinkingDages concrete thinking22An inability to understand and perceive the world and situations from the perspective of others is calledAegocentric thinkingBselfish thinkingCidiopathic thinkingDimmature thinking23Ian has been told by his psychology professor that cheating is forbidden On his first exam Ian is overcome by temptation and looks at the answer sheet of the person sitting next to him Ian then begins to sweat in anticipation of the punishment that he believes the professor is about to deliver This behaviour demonstrates the concept ofAautonomous moral reasoningBpostconventional thinkingCimmanent justiceDthe care perspective24According to Piaget at what age are childrens moral judgments characterized by the understanding that social rules are arbitrary agreements that can be questioned and changedA3 to 5 yearsB5 to 8 yearsCaround 11 yearsD12 to 15 years25During which of Piagets periods of moral development do children understand that social rules can be questioned and changed if necessaryAimmanent justiceBmorality of reciprocityCmoral realismDantrograde morality
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