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test bank ch15.pdf

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB32H3
Professor
Chandan Narayan
Semester
Fall

Description
ch15Student 1Developmental psychopathology combines the study ofwith the study of Apsychopathology biologyBpsychopathology developmentCpsychopathology psychotherapyDneuropsychology deviant sociology2The investigation of the origins course changes and continuities in disordered or maladaptive behaviour over a persons lifespan is calledAcognitive psychologyBdevelopmental psychologyCdevelopmental psychopathologyDcognitive psychopathology3Jasmine is fifteen years old and is suffering from depressive episodes The episodes could be linked toAher family situationBchanges of pubertyCstresses and challenges of adolescenceDall of these4The patterns of symptoms in behaviour disordersAwill usually remain constant across the course of developmentBwill vary across the course of developmentCwill disappear across the course of developmentDwill increase across the course of development5Carolyn was studying for her final exam and attempting to understand how to define what abnormal is A correct response would beAMany cultural societal ethnic and personal values affect what we consider normal and abnormalBDefinitions relating to abnormal would be consistent across subculturesCDefinitions relating to abnormal would be consistent across regionsDAll of the above are correct6If we use a medical model to determine behaviours treatments and causes relating to psychopathologyAit does not matter which model we useBwe cannot replicate research studies in this areaCpeople may believe that these causes behaviours and treatments reflect some form of diseaseDdoctors may need to complete more years of study to satisfy requirements7Joan was reluctant to call superior cognitive functioning a sign of being normal This reflects a defining model of abnormality as aAdeviation from the averageBsocial responsibilityCsicknessDdeviation from the ideal8What is the term used to describe deviations from normal behaviour and normal attainments for a person of a given ageADeviant developmentBDelayCAberrationDPsychopathology9Developmental psychopathology should always be viewed in relation towhich are the major developmental tasks and changes that occur across the lifespanAabnormal developmentBdeviant developmentCnormal developmentDadvanced development10Casey is two and he demonstrates behaviours that are causing his parents to worry about hid development Their doctor met with them and mentionedAnot to worry the symptoms will go away eventuallyBthere is no chance that these early symptoms will reflect his development when he is olderCthat these were normal for a child of Caseys ageDearly behaviours can often be associated with later disturbances11John Weisz and his colleagues completed research that compared parents attitudes toward childrens problems in North American and Thailand Who had the most negative and worried attitudesAthe mothers from ThailandBboth parents from ThailandCboth parents from North AmericaDthe mothers from North America12Depressed children especially those between ages 8 and 11Ado not manifest the general slowing of mental and physical activity that depressed adults typically doBmanifest more symptoms relating to slowing of mental and physical activity that depressed adults typically doCmanifest symptoms that are often more serious in the long runDmanifest symptoms that are only physical in nature13Children who exhibit the following symptoms may be expressing warning signs for psychopathologyAovercompliance and depressionBnoncompliant behaviours and peer rejectionCassertiveness and low academic achievementDdepression and withdrawal14What model assumes that the psychological disorder resides within the individual similar to a diseaseApsychodynamic modelBmedical modelCconstitutional modelDdevelopmental model15The medical model is considered by most researchers and clinicians to beApsychodynamic modelBmedical modelCconstitutional modelDdevelopmental model16Which model is often used as a guide in determining what constitutes deviance from the averageAmedical modelBideological modelCstatistical modelDperceptual model17Which model defines abnormality as any feelings or behaviours that differ from the average by some set amountAmedicalBideologicalCstatisticalDperceptual18When an adult refers a child to a psychopathologist The psychopathologist should take into consideration the adultsAview of the childBrelation to the childCeducationDage19The three sets of factors that may influence an adults judgment about a child areAChild characteristics characteristics of the adult and contextual variablesBThe childs gender the childs physical appearance and the childs interpersonal skillsCThe adults profession the adults religious background the adults views on childrenDThe childs social background the childs race and the childs family stability20Parents and other adults are more likely to perceive and respond to a behaviour as deviant if it occurs inAboysBgirlsCsocially skilled childrenDattractive children21Influence that include the childs home situation prior behaviour school and socioeconomic status are known asAcontextual factors or considerationsBdevelopmental factors or considerationsCassessment factors or considerationsDdemographic factors or considerations22Childhood disorders like hyperactivity aggression and antisocial behaviour are positively correlated withAprenatal complicationsBdysfunctions in adulthoodCparental ageDnumber of siblings23Whether or not a particular behaviour problem is to be viewed as normal or not greatly depends on the probability that it will continue over time and the childsApersonalityBraceCageDIQ24Caspi and colleagues 1987 proposed that the continuity in maladaptive behaviours was sustained byAcumulative continuity and niche pickingBevocative continuity and niche pickingCgenetic and environmental factorsDcumulative continuity and interactional continuity25Acherbach 1995 stated that until recently childhood psychological problems were viewed asAvariations of recognized adult disordersBdiagnostic categories developed for adults were applied to children as wellCnot serious enough to separate from adultsDall of these
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