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Zachariah Campbell

PSYB45H3 Y Chapter 23 (p.521-533) Behavioral contract (contingency/performance contract) – a written agreement between 2 parties in which one/both parties agree to engage in a specified level of a target behavior(s); contract states the consequence that will be administered contingent on the occurrence/nonoccurrence of the behavior Components: o Identifying target behavior o Stating how the target behaviors will be measured o Stating when the behavior must be performed o Identifying reinforcement/punishment contingency o Identifying who will implement the contingency Types of behavioral contracts 1. One-party (unilateral) contract • one person seeks to change B and arranges reinforcement/punishment contingencies with a contract manager, who implements the contingencies • used when person wants to increase desirable behaviors/decrease undesirable behaviors 2. Two-party (bilateral) contracts • Contract is written between 2 parties, each of whom wants to change B of the other person i. Quid pro quo contract (i.e. one thing is given in return for another) – one person’s target behavior is the consequence for the other person’s target behavior ii. Parallel contract – separate contingencies are established for each person’s target behavior Why do behavioral contracts work? o Behavioral consequences o Public commitment o Rule-governed behavior o Establishing operations PSYB45H3 Y Chapter 24 (p.541-558) Fear – composed of operant and respondent behavior; person is afraid of a particular stimulus/stimulus condition Procedures to reduce fear and anxiety o Relaxation training Progressive muscle relaxation (PMR)
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