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BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION MID TERM 1 STUDY NOTES.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB45H3
Professor
Amanda Uliaszek
Semester
Winter

Description
1BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION MID TERM 1 STUDY NOTES CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Behavior anything a person does because of internal or external events we can describe the individuals specific actionsex Said hello thought about your lunchin clinical practice use diagnosis good for communicating bad bc impreciseNOT a behavior1 trait how ppl behave over a period of time in most contextbroad stable characteristics ex Acted respectfullyproblem w using traits misleadingin concise imprecise 2 outcomes of behaviors ex Get higher grades lose weight Can be described basically in these three ways 1 covert behavior internal that no one can see only you can detect it ex Thoughts heart rate increases COGNITION IS A COVERT BEHAVIOR 2 OVERTeveryone can see you do it involves physical body usualy ex Shouttwo categories verbal ex Say helloMotor ex Waving hellosign language is combo of verbal and motorwriting a paragraph is combo doing cross word puzzle is combo3 volitional voluntary ex My choice to walk around Involitional involuntary ex My heart rate posture unless you bring attention to it want to sit a certain way thoughtsuse overt more bc they can be observed directly by another person covert measured indirectly written reports interviews or biofeedback special equipment that measure physiological functions ex Heart rateHOW BEHAVIOR DEVELOPS Inborn behaviors ex Rooting reflex baby turns head toward an object that touches him sucking reflex reflexes All other behaviors develop after birth devel depends on 2 processes 1 heredity through maturation physical growthhereditary factors2 experience most dominant factor in devel of behaviors occurs through learning durable change in behavior potentialHOW ARE ACQUIRECHANGE BEHAVIOR Learningrespondentoperant modellingalmost always happen together in real life ex Mallfearleaverelief respondent pairing mall w fear and is being reinforced by avoiding mall1 Respondent Classical conditioning by PavlovDog salivates when hears bell learned relationship formed through association with the reflexiveautomatic connection between food in mouth and salivation respondent behavior behavior elicited involuntarily by stimuli ex Salivate when hear smarties salivate when presented smarties URCR are same behavior 2contextdependent learning is an ex of respondent2 Operant Skinner changes because of consequences punishmentreinforcementnot necessary to know why a consequence has its affect on behavior reinforcement consequence following a behavior strengthens behavior causing performance of behavior to increase punishment consequence following behavior leads to decrease in performance of that behaviortip Is this behavior more likely to increase or decrease reinfocement or punishment is the consequence to take something away or add positive negative Antecedents precede and set the occasion for your action also affects behavior specific to the behavior 3 modelingmust involve observer and model exception study showed monkey video of monkey afraid of flower but monkey did not become afraid of flower bio preparednessDEFINING BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS Applied behavior analysis focus on using principles of learning espec Operant to understandimprove ppls behavior same def as behave modPpl practicingstudying behavior analysts time period efforts made to change behavior intervention techniques 1 behavioral using operant respondentmodel to change overt 2 cognitivechange overtcovert by change ppls thought processes applied behave takes pragmatic approach practical rather than theoreticalidealistic Characteristics of applied behave analysis Step 1 Target behavior behaviors to be changed ex Hair pulling nail biting to eat healthierobjectiveambiguousBehavioral deficit desirable behavior person does not perform often enough ex Not excercising enough Behavioral access undesirable behavior person does too much of ex Nail biting HOW BEHAV ANALYSIS DEVELOPED most important Watson skinner for behaviorism pavlov on diff note 18901930 psychoanalysis assumed that you did what you did because of your unconscious drives and your childhood FREUD 1900s behaviorism study of observable behavior that proposes all behave is product of experience reject philosophy psychoanalysis idea of personality THORNDIKE reinforcementpunishment PAVLOV process of respondent conditioningSKINNER operant chamberskinner box Litte albert study WATSON fear reduction Peterrabbit MARY JONES
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