Chapter 24.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB45H3
Professor
Amanda Uliaszek
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 24 Behavioral contracts and self management Study and review Summary A behavioral contract is a negotiated, written and signed agreement describing; 1. The target behavior to be addressed in an intervention 2. The antecedents for when it should or should not be performed 3. The monitoring process 4. The consequences for the target behavior’s occurrence 5. A schedule for reviewing progress in the intervention Individuals who are trained in self-management can apply behavioral and cognitive methods to change their own behavior. Data collection is provided by the self and we manage the antecedents and consequences of the target behavior. To manage antecedents: 1. We can apply motivating operations and prompts 2. Alter antecedent chains 3. Make environmental changes 4. Use narrowing and cognitive techniques a. Self instructions b. Re-perceiving antecedents To manage consequences: 1. Self administer reinforcers and punishers 2. Have someone administer reinforcers and punishers People under self-management can implement systematic desensitization to reduce their own conditioned emotional responses (CERs). Using behavioral contracts Behavioral contract: Formal document that describes: 1. Behavior; each target behavior 2. Antecedents; states when it should or should not be performed. 3. Consequences; what the outcomes will be for performing that behavior Components of behavioral contracts A good behavioral contract should contain or clearly describe: 1. Target behaviors and antecedents 2. Monitoring process 3. Consequences Target behavior and antecedents: Specify 1. Behaviors 2. Occasions when they should or should not occur 3. Behavioral goals Monitoring process: State 1. Who will observe the behavior 2. The type of data to be collected 3. How these data will be recorded and made available Consequences: Include 1. Immediate and delayed rewards for meeting the terms of the contract 2. Reinforcers chosen carefully 3. Penalties for not meeting the contracts terms a. Time out punishment b. Response cost punishment 4. Specify who will dispense the consequences and when 5. Bonus rewards for high level consistent compliance with contract Negotiating the terms of a behavioral contract Read pg 351 Settings for applying behavioral contracts Settings for applying behavioral contracts 1. Home 2. Work 3. School 4. Clinics / institutions Benefits of using behavioral contracts Benefits of using behavioral contracts 1. Reduce disagreements and errors in carrying out the program by ensuring what the roles are and what the conditions are 2. Parties to a contract are more likely to fulfill their roles after signing the contract 3. Putting the conditions in writing makes the target person’s progress and closeness to meeting the program’s goals clearer 4. The process of negotiating a contract and structuring difficult interpersonal relationships may help improve the way the parties interact Using self-management methods Self management: Process of applying behavioral and cognitive methods to change one’s own behavior Most self-management interventions are implemented to achieve four goals: 1. Being more effective and efficient in daily life 2. Breaking undesirable habits 3. Developing desired lifestyle changes 4. Mastering difficult skills Self monitoring and behavioral cont
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