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Zachariah Campbell

Ch 13-psyb45 All about helping a person increase a desirable behavior or decrease an undesirable behavior. The first step is to understand why the person engages in the behavior. To do so you must conduct an assessment to determine the events that evoke the behavior and the reinforcing consequences that maintain it. Identify these variables before treating a problem behavior is called functional assessment The treatment helped Jacob replace the undesirable behavior with a desirable behavior. Understanding problem behaviors through functional assessment The treatment helped Jacob replace the undesirable behavior with a desirable behavior. Conducting a functional assessment is always the first step in using behavior modification procedures to decrease problem behaviors. Defining functional assessment To identify the function of the problem behavior: functional assessment. Four broad classes of reinforcing consequences or functions of problem behavior: Social positive reinforcement Positively reinforcing consequence is delivered by another person after the target behavior, it is called social positive reinforcement. Social negative reinforcement When another person terminates an aversive interaction, task or activity after occurrence of a target behavior, the behavior is said to maintained by social negative reinforcement. Automatic positive reinforcement When the behavior produces a reinforcing consequence automatically, the behavior is said to be maintained by automatic positive reinforcement. Ex: going to the kitchen to get a drink is automatically positively reinforced by getting the drink. automatic negative reinforcement automatic negative reinforcement occurs when the target behavior automatically reduces or eliminates an aversive stimulus as a consequence of the behavior. Closing the window to block a cold draft involves automatic negative reinforcement. Functional assessment methods www.notesolution.com
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