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In Depth-Lecture Notes for the Final [Lectures 6-10] (December 20th Exam)

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Michael Inzlicht

Psychology PSYC12 Lecture notes Finals Lecture 6 Intergroup Relations Interhow nations interact with each other Why groupsThe ingroup becomes part of the self o FIFA time German relationeveryone related to their past heritage in CanadaPeople assign their groups trait onto themselves o Connected to being a part German team doing good she felt good Selfesteem and social identity are strangely connected like everyone is similar and we adapt stereotypes about the grp People assign their own traits to the group o We cannot see the positives of the outgroups Ways we show our group we will win is where we exhibit Prejudice confirmation bias and promoting our ingroup and making them unable to thriveOppression by the dominant groupSocial identity theorySocial identity part of the selfconcept that comes from membership in groups that are important to the person o We are driven as people to have distinct social identities that like to see us as being better than themthe like for us to be different from them o Counterpoint to this theory categorizing of oneself and others to ingroupoutgroups generate intergroup competitions no real material competition necessary Ppl exp deprivation and are motivated to bring social change even if not personally affectedBecause of this want to be betterdifferent intergroup bias results as an increase in positive social identity thisan enhanced selfesteem When selfesteem is threatened they can defend themselves through intergroup bias People that engage in intergroup biases have low selfesteem or insufficient social identityWe try and feel other domains are better where your group will win We see competition Collective Action and Social ChangeWhen do oppressed fight backWhen do the oppressed grps stand up and fightSeeing the problem Ppl experience deprivation of resourcesShare a common identity w their group people see deprivation of their grp as a threat to themselves even when they arent personally affectedDESIRE FOR SOCIAL CHANGE See they are suffering relatively deprivedmust feel that to a state before or another grp Collective actioncore mechanisms of social change any action that aims to improve statuspowerinfluence of an entire grp rather than that of a few individualsUnder what conditions do they put up with their fatestay silentCollective action occurs when 3 conditions are met means when this is not present o Group boundaries are impermeablesocial mobility individual inaction o social hierarchy is perceived as instablecoping inaction o disadvantaged position of ingrp perceived as unjustpassive acceptance inaction people must see the disadvantage is UNJUST Seen they are disadvantaged but they dont think this is okay not angry by this Must see they are stuck in their group something about skin colour you are STUCKIf you think you can CHANGE the situationpart collective not about group it stands for the goal of the action it can be a single person helping the grp that is importantWhen doing rallies voting this is all collective actionTokenism picture of Obamawhen group boundaries are restricted and only open to a fewo Grp Bound are permeable o Suggest ingrp lower status is justified o Questions ingrps willingness to participate in collective action and promotes indiv actWhen one moves up ability to move upa few that can actually make it but it can harm collective action and social change Social ability Does it harm helping the grp Wright 1997Does tokenism undermine collective action wilingness against CAParticipantstold about decision makinganother grp before you and high abilitymaking decisions and they want to join them make decisions about them 20 if their group 1 in your grp and sent to high ability grp and 85 right to joinevery grp does not get inThe reasoning o Openingdidnt make the criteria o Tokenismgot 85 we have enough of those people chance you had to but didnt o ClosedWe dont want them at all 100 and you wouldnt get inRelative Deprivation theoryIndiv musts all perceive their situation as being deprived before they act they will exp anger and resentment and seek to improve their situationOnly when group is felt as deprieved as opposed to one indiv alone will they engage in coll Action What prevents collective action in modern timesSexism moderncommonly overlooked people dont always recognize discriminationWeekly pay by profession things are not noticed Ellemers and Barreto 2009People overlook the problem Wanted to look at modern sexism they wanted to see if they could engage in collective action let me introduce you to your supervisor Expressed sexist role women are not capable of thinking modernly comments Participants to engage in actionto improve personally or engage in collective action When it is blatant then collective action occurs
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