PSYC12- CH 1 notes

10 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Michael Inzlicht

Chapter 1- Introduction to the study of Stereotyping and Prejudice - Groups are the basic building blocks of society - Some disadvantages and complications that group life brings o Mate competition and mate retention o Tend to form closer ties to members of their own groups o Tend to favour their own group (in group) o People tends to favour group membership even when the group are just arbitrary criteria - Prejudice: negative feelings about other groups - Stereotypes: believing that certain characteristics are associated with other groups, often because the outgroup members are perceived to be antithetical or the ingroups welfare or values Why is prejudice and stereotyping important? - Need to understand the negative influence such thinking has on the thoughts, feelings, and behaviour of people in their daily lives, and how they relate to the targets of their prejudice, it is important to understand such negative attitudes form the basis for subsequent negative intergroup behaviour - Some of the most intense intergroup hostility has been based on a difference in religious beliefs - Any group one can imagine has been the object of prejudices and stereotypes by other groups or individuals Defining stereotyping Leippmanns Stereotype - stereotype derives from a term to describe a printing processin which fixed casts of material are reproduced - Walter Lippmann used the word stereotype to describe the tendency of people to think of someone or something in similar terms (same attributes) based on a common feature shared by each - pictures in our heads of the world outside and that these representations are more like templates into which we try to simplify the sometimes confusing information we receive from the world - we pick out what our culture has already defined for us and we tend to perceive that which we have picked out in the form stereotyped for us by our culture Stereotypes tell us what social information is important to perceive and to disregard in our environment Confirm pre-existing stereotypes by paying attention to stereotype consistent information and disregarding information that is inconsistent with our stereotypes The content of stereotypes is largely determined by the culture in which one lives
More Less

Related notes for PSYC12H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.