PSYC14 Lecture 09.doc

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Sisi Tran

PSYC14 Lecture 09: • As seen in the SWB map of the world, a nation’s happiness is most strongly correlated with: health, wealth, and education. • We can now come back to the differences between Standard of living and Quality of life. • Why does SES have such a strong correlation with health outcomes? o More money = greater access to health benefits?  Not necessarily, even among the rich people, the very very rich have better access to health benefits o People in low SES have more hazardous jobs?  Not necessarily, not all low paying jobs are hazardous. o Low SES people have worse health habits?  Poorer diet + worse habits (smoking)? But even rich people have these. • It all comes down to stress. The major stressor is a Lack of Control, which lower SES people have. • Another major stressor is Subjective SES: how rich/poor we feel relative to other people. o Relative deprivation: even though you are not necessarily poor, feeling poor in relation to others can have adverse consequences as well. • Looking at hypertension differences between African Americans and Europeans, African Americans suffer from it more. o It was thought that there was a “hypertension gene” in black people, but this was just used to explain away the fact that blacks have more stress (lack of control and lower subjective SES) • In regards to SWB, wealth makes a big difference when comparing Developed vs Developing countries. Within wealthy nations however, SWB does not depend as highly on wealth. In these wealthy countries, SWB is based more on respect and relative deprivation (focusing on class differences makes us feel more stressed). • Biopsychosocial model: the interactions of biology and culture, and also our interpretations/experience with both biology and culture. o Culture determines:  Your physical and social stressors (being bullied or being pressure to go to med school)  Types  Basic personality patterns  Language systems that organize our perceptions (ex: this is what I want, this is my goal!)  Standards of what is normal of deviant (it is abnormal to live in the woods and only make art)  Classification patterns for diseases and disorders  Patterns of experience in psychopathology (what we consider abnorma
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