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Final Exam Definitions/Notes

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Sisi Tran

CHAPTER 10Hikikomoricondition characterized by social withdrawal typically first appears among Japanese students when they decide they no longer want to go to school sometimes due to bullyinghuman biology is largely the same everywhere yet psychological disorders present themselves in a variety of different ways around the worldculture is implicated in the expressionexperience of psychopathology Dhat Syndromedisorder frequently observed in South Asian cultures where semen is a very precious commodity and an excessive loss of it is feared to result in serious illness CultureBound Syndromesthose that appear to be greatly influenced by cultural factors and hence occur far less frequently or are manifested in highly divergent ways in other culturesanorexiabulimia are culturebound because they are most prevalent in countries where emphasis is put on being thin Western influencebulimia tends to have more of the characteristics of a culturebound syndrome while anorexia seems to be more universal in some aspects although both are influence a great deal by culture Koromost common among men in SouthEast Asia involves a fear that ones penis is shrinking into ones body Amokidentified in a number of Southeast Asian cultures defined as an acute outburst of unrestrained violence associated with homicidal attacks and amnesia afterwards Frigophobiamorbid fear of catching a cold leading people to dress themselves in heavy coats even in summer China Sustopeople feel their souls are dislodged from their bodies leading to a wide range of physicalpsychological symptoms Latin America Voodoo Deathwhen people are convinced that a curse has been put on them resulting in severe fear sometimes leading to their own deaths Africa Latahcondition in which people fall into a transient dissociated state after some kind of startling event Malgrisyndrome of territorial anxiety that has been identified among various Australian aboriginal groups Agoniaswhen people report a wide array of symptoms including a burning sensation loss of breath blindness Portugal Brain Fag Syndromeassociated with complaints of intellectualvisual impairment a burning sensation in the headneck after excessive mental work AfricaChina Ataques de nervoiscondition in which emotionally charged incidents such as funerals bring on numbness hot flashes and palpitations Puerto Rico Arctic Hysteriapatients experience a sudden loss of consciousness leading them to roll in the snow naked and speak unknown languages Inuit Depressionone of the most common psychological disorders in the West everyone has experienced some form of depression however some more than others y this condition manifests itself in moodrelated effects among Westerners and more physiologically among the Chinese Somatizationwhen people experience depressive symptoms primarily in their bodies fatigue Psychologizationwhen people experience depressive symptoms primarily in their minds guiltfindings from the Ryder study indicated that Chinese patients experienced more somatic symptoms and fewer psychological ones than the Canadians in all methods Neurastheniaa nervous syndrome of more than 50 symptoms was once classified as the American disease because it was so common later dropped from the DSM Causes of Cultural Differences in Symptoms 1 depends on the social stigma associated with having a mental illness 2 the symptoms experienced by people may be same but different cultures focus on different ones 3 the symptoms are actually experienced differently across cultures
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