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Gerald Cupchik

Emotion chapter 2 Evolution of Emotions Darwin - Similarity of human emotional expressions to lower animals - Human emotional experience have some primitive aspects - Hypothesized: emotional expressions are behavioural vestiges. - Specific analysis of facial expression gave birth to modern study of emotional expression. Elements of an evolutionary approach to emotions 3 parts that drive evolution 1) Superabundance; more offspring than necessary is reproduced. 2) Variation; each offspring is somewhat different than others differences passed through heredity 3) Natural selection; characteristics that allow one to adapt to the environment are selected for; disadvantageous characteristics are selected against. Selection Pressures N Selection pressures; features of the physical and social environment that determined whether or not individuals survived and reproduced. N 2 kinds of selection pressures that determine who reproduces: N Intrasexual competition; occurs within sex for access to mates; most pronounced among males. N Intersexual competition: process by which one sex selects specific kinds of traits in the other sex. ; preference for males of higher status by women. Males seek out mates who are fertile and of optimal reproductive age. ; preference for youth and beauty. Recently N Our capacity to cooperate is a powerful determinant of who reproduces and who survives. o we accomplish survival and reproduction within relationships, groups, and communities. We are more likely to succeed at these endeavors when we behave in cooperative fashion N accounts for evolution of moral emotions ; gratitude, anger, and compassion. Adaptation N Adaptation; genetically based traits that allow the organism to respond well to specific selection pressure, and to survive and reproduce N People find symmetrical faces more attractive than asymmetrical faces. N Genes provide potentialities for behavior N Emotions serve functions N View only recently accepted in western thought. www.notesolution.com
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