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PSYC18 WINTER 2012 LECTURE 1 adapting and finding meaning throwness you were thrown into this life as the person you are and this gender age of discontinuity is when the industrial revolution began with machinery being used our experience of space and time is plasticie vince carter making 50 shots in 1 game said that it felt like a lake meaning the basket feltmuch bigger we are adapting to the world dealing with it seeing if its beautiful In the middle ages nothing changed and you werent changing 1500s 1500s to now is where big change happenedmiddle ages people didnt know about the bodydidnt know about the body until 1800s and it acceleratedand now we know about the brain but still a lot more to know John Locke we look into ourselves feelings you feel good or bad about certain things and the ideas of good and evil are rational judgements that we make about the worldLECTURE 2 1 conceiving of our worlds Geisteswissenschaften human sciences study culture through Verstehen acts of empathic understanding and Hermeneutics interpreting the artifacts of a world filled with meaninghuman sciences study culture though acts of emphatic understanding and interpreting the artifacts of a world filled with meaningshuman sciences are culturally oriented Emphasis is placed on wisdom and understanding the lifeworldLife worldyour world think about your world Idiographic individual cases concrete situations or events What is the meaning of a situation and concrete eventsPhenomenologythe description and structure of experiencewhat went down and what itmeant to yousurface oriented just basic descriptionindepth oriented go into sub basement of what they were thinkingfeeling This is all part of Geisteswissenschaftenwe are living in the world of Gesiteswissenschaften science of humans peoplessituations we begin with the life world where there are episodes with meanings and we try to grasp these meanings 2 Studying our worlds Naturwissenschaftenthe objective and scientific study of nature both physical and organic When studying our worldsemphasis is placed on knowledge and explanation Nomothetic universal principles scientific principlesideographic individual cases vs nomothetic scientific principlesWhich one is more complex the physical world or the world of the mind At one level we can argue that studying the physical world is more complex At another level we can argue that the physical world is a projection of our concepts The physical world is a creation of the noetic world the world of the mind Geisteswissenschaften human science vs Naturwissenschaften objective science we have ideas about the worldwe have ideas about the physical world and about the social world theyre not truth they are IDEASwe orient around our world in terms of these ideas and these ideas permit us to negotiate our worlds does the mind creates the physical worldThe way we think about our world is our world we have ideas about the physical organic and our worldsideas in our minds and we share themPSYC18 WINTER 2012 How does this relate to psychology Lets consider two worlds the everyday world and the world of the laboratory aka research world 1 Events occur in the everyday worldautomatic aspect and special moments in everyday life Critical episode an episode that changed your life Distinguish lived world vs plane of observationi livedworld engaged viewpointthe critical episodes very rich and vivid description geisteswessischffenii plane of observation detached viewpointwhat were trained in schoolscience sidestanding back and taking a look at whats going on down there 2 Events occur in the laboratory worldConcept of ecological validity do events in the laboratory world meaningfully relate to events and situations in the livedworld whats the relationship between the lab world and the outside world events in lab world should match events in outside world which would mean they are ecologically validLife EpisodesThese are events that take place in these worlds as we struggle with these life themes Personal Life NarrativesWe have experiences and feelings about our lifeworlds and events that take place within them expressed in the forms of narratives or stories in terms of which we define ourselves stories comprise facts and interpretations of these facts which we take to be true about ourselves and our worldsie Facts of the family Layers or Levels You are in a life actually many lives at onceYou are in a world actually many worlds at once Freuds double touchwe live in the belief that we are a separate entity within a physically bound surface many lives and many worlds ie public world and private world within the person you are you are multilayered and can see ourselves as an open ended systemhow coherent or diffuse am I as a person Jung notion of the personasocial masksuppressionintentionally turning back on an eventrepressionunintentionally turning back on an event unifying the self involves coming to terms with who you were in all layers of you in all layers of life and accepting themrelate to the person you were and are nowunity within diversityfundamentalprincipleFour Fundamental Layersi noetic includes all mental processes and different forms of knowing Perceptual Intellectual Emotional ii organic includes all biological processes iii physical includes all physical processes iv social includes all socialcultural systemsThese layers have their own unique properties but also interact with each other PerspectivesParadox of one body and many selvesLooks like one body and this implies one selfIllusion of unity
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