Study Guides (247,934)
Canada (121,177)
Psychology (1,882)
PSYC21H3 (14)
Final

Final Exam lec 3.docx

5 Pages
69 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC21H3
Professor
Carly Prusky
Semester
Fall

Description
PSYC21- November. 24 Moral Development:  1. Moral Identity o How you see yourself  2. Moral Will Power o What you show to other people  3. Moral Exemplars o Personality/identity portrayed to others - Sharing fosters more prosocial dev - Social behvs of many kids = immoral antisocial / prosocial moral behv Components of moral dev:  1. Cognitive judgements of good and bad  2. Behavioural  actions of good and bad  3. Emotional  feelings about good and bad Human Behv:  Milgrim experiment  looks at obedience to authority figures o What happens to personal moral standards when someone tells you what to do o Study came about after Nazi Germany o Study  lethal electric shocks; memory test; actor  Moral dilemma: to continue or not  Standford Prison Exp  1971 (Zimbardo) o Random participants, all male, random assignment –prisoners or guards o Violation of human rights o Experiment shutdown after 6 fays (gf of Zimbardo intervened) o Situation changes people  Jane Elliot’s classroom experiment o Wanted to teach class (Christian Caucasian) students about discrimination o Happened soon after assassination of martin luther king jr o Blue eyes vs brown eyes  Created aggression and division among the kids  Environment really impt to our moral dev Piaget’s Moral Dev:  Heteronomous (unchangeable rules) & Autonomous  Stages (lowest to highest stage) : o Premoral stage (under 5) o Moral Realisim (age 5+) o Moral absolution o Immanent justice o Moral reciprocity (age 11+)  Limitation of stages = culturally inconsistent  When stories simplified, earlier displays from kids Kohlberg’s moral dev:  More concerned with why someone should do something o Preconventional level – based on desire to avoid punishment  Stage 1 = avoid punishment  Stage 2 = seek rewards  Ex: being nice to others to make them be nice to you o Conventional level –motive to conform (approval from others)  Stage 3 = conform to get approval  Mutual interpersonal relationships  Moral standards seen as good or bad  Often adopt parents morals to be seen as good in the eyes of the parents  Stage 4= conform with society’s laws  Adolescence may reason: to protect society, we need to follow laws  See benefit at this stage o Post-conventional level = judgements internalized  Stage 5 = based on human rights  Having a social contract  Evaluate; human rights= v.impt at this stage  Stage 6= based on abstract principles  Slide 16  Kohlberg o 20% boys age 10 = stage 1 o 60% boys age 10 = stage 2  Fewer than 10% by age 24 o Stage 4 most common by age 36 (60%) o Nobody uses stage 6, emerges at age 18 though o V. few use stage 5 o Limitations = stage 5 and 6 less support because few ppl reach this stage  theory may not be universal  collectivistic cult – focus on community more  only included boys/ men  time which people live affect people’s judgements (ex: 70’s v.diff from 90s)  only based on verbal responses  kohlberg’s hypothetical dilemmas differ with real-life dilemmas New approaches:  Carol Gillian  address gender issues (incorporated females)  Found females more caring in approach to dilemmas  Males more focused on justice  Moral reasoning vary in diff situations o Marriage guided by stage 3 o Legal syst guided by stage 4 o Business world guided by stage 2 New approaches:  Incorporate freedom of speech and freedom of religion  Kids judgements about govt changes as age increases Self-regulation of behv:  3 phases (kids differ in times they reach each stage) o 1. Control phase o 2.
More Less

Related notes for PSYC21H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit