PSYC31 CHAPTER 1

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School
University of Toronto Scarborough
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC31H3
Professor
Konstantine Zakzanis
Semester
Winter

Description
PSYC31CHAPTER 1 The Practice of Neuropsychological AssessmentClinical neuropsychology an applied science concerned with behavioural expression of brain dysfunction thfirst half of 20 century gave chief impetus to development of clinical neuropsychology due to WWI servicemen who had damaged brains and needed to undergo screening for being behaviourally disturbed then WWII wars in east AsiaMideast promoted neuropsychological treatments Educational psychologyBegan with BinetSpearman 1994initially made tests to capture intelligenceAfter this tests by mental measurement specialists produced multitude of examination techniques to screen recruits for militaryto assist educational evaluationso Ie Ravens Progressive Matrices the Wechsler Intelligence Scales the Wide Range Achievement Tests o Became statsdependentSource of reliable measurement techniques and statistical tools for test standardization and development of normative data analysis of research findings and validation studiesClinical psychologists specializing in personalitysocial behaviour research borrowedelaborated these techniques Experimental studies of cognitive functions in both humans and animals contributed to psychology thLatter half of 20 centuryExperimental psychologists learned more about brain injured patients especially those with localized lesions st21 centuryNeuropsychologistsother neuroscientists have advantage of imaging techniquesrefines our neural understanding of behaviourKnowledge from these studies give neurologically meaningful psychological constructs necessary for analysis of behaviour in patients neuropsychological assessment today is more sensitive to practical problems of identification assessment care and treatment of brain impaired patients psychologists psychiatrists and counsellors ask for neuropsychological assistance in identifying those patients needing help with neurological disorders neurologists and neurosurgeons request behavioural evaluations to aid in diagnosis and to document course of brain disorders or the effects of treatment child neuropsychology hand in hand with mental retardation learning disabilities and childrens behaviour problem studies 6 different purposes may prompt a neuropsychological examination diagnosis patient careMANAGEMENT AND PLANNING QUESTIONS treatment 1 identifying treatment needs individualizing treatment programskeeping abreast of patients changing treatment requirementstreatment 2 evaluating treatment efficacy research both theoretical and appliednow in USA forensic questions1 Diagnosis Neuropsychological assessmentdiscriminates bw psychiatric and neurological symptoms can provide info on site of localization of a lesioncan tell at least which hemisphere side noninvasive neurodiagnostic techniques both highly sensitive and reliable for many diagnostic purposeselectrophysiological techniques
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