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PSYC90H3 (1)
Final

Cognitive Psychology Exam notes

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC90H3
Professor
George Cree
Semester
Winter

Description
LECTURE 1 Cognitive Neuroscience How the brain supports the mindField of cognitive psychology how does mind workField of neuroscience how does brain workTerm began to be used in late 1970s1980s that it became its own due to new techniques for assessing brain activity in vivoTimeline PRE 1800S Psychology was subfield of Philosophy How knowledge is acquired rationalists vs empiricists TH19 CENTURY psychology emerged as own discipline initially in GermanyRegarding human mind as material mechanistic and amenable to scientific measurement and experimentation EARLIEST PIONEERS Weber Gechner and von HelmholtzInvestigating relationship between stimulus characteristics and observed perceptionHELMHOLTZ formulated trichromatic theory of color vision o Distinction between sensation vs perceptionPerceptionbrains learned interpretation of sensations by unconscious inferencePerception relies on poor data to make conclusions o We learn from experience to unconsciously infer characteristics of stimulus automatic and unconscious HOWEVER IS NEEDEDWILHELM WUNDT 1879Assistant to HelmholtzNarrow perspective as he avoided mental processesFirst TRUE Psychologist founded lab in 1879Univ of LeipzigRxn time studies with phenomenological dataNO LONGER RELEVANT DID TRAIN MANY FROM US AS WELLWILLIAM JAMES 1890Armchair Psychologist Thinking observing and theorizing about how mental states relate to one anotherDifferent from others because he considered psychology in a more modern sense thought about the whole rich experience of mental activity the steam of consciousnessA broader perspectiveRemains highly influential to this day including his view of the mind as an adaptationFUNCTIONALISMMusings on nature of will attention and emotionBEHAVIORISM 19101950WATSONSKINNERPsychology in USAEschewed inrospection and speculation of internal processes of mind BLACK BOXRadical associationism derived from classical and operant conditioning of animalsMAP OUT ALL SITMULUS RESPONSE ASSOCIATIONS THAT DETERMINE HUMAN BEHAVIOREven most complex behaviors defined as conditioned reflexes that can be 1 CONTROLLED 2 PREDICTEDStudy what goes in and what comes out ONLYCONTENT OF PSYCHOLOGY BEHAVIOR NOT THOUGHTGAINING UNDERSTANDING OF MENTAL EVENTSANIMAL STUDIESBF Skinner Operant conditioning reinforcement animal studiesvaried schedules of reinforcementGESTALT SCHOOL 1920s1930sGermans emigrated to USThinking as a whole perception and problem solving idea of insight think Dunckers candle taskWertheimer Kohler and KofkaEND OF BEHAVIORISM 1950s1960sRejection of behaviorism and emergence of cog science and cog psychologyFell short in explaining much simple and complex behavior1959 Chomskys critique of Skinners Verbal Behavior
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