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Public Policy

Ethnic Conflict Often used by leaders to mobilize group support for their own political economic objectives Political Scarcity Competition for scarce resources in poor countries each ethnic group must contend for limited government resources Economic Mobilization Creates winnerslosers Weak political institutions The inability of institutions in many developing countries to effectively manage differences can result in violence Democratic Transitions Democracy represents a major change in the status quophenomenon Proliferation of weapons The availability of weapons increase the changes or conflicts among groups to escalate Major Cause of famine Destroys the environment Linked to drug trade IdeologicalPsychoSocial Explanations Human Costs casualties Economic costs Political costs Neighboring countries also suffer refugee flawsRwandan Genocide Starts with colonial legacies and myths Belgium colonization 1962 independence Institutionalized discrimination Belgiums plot Isolated Hutus 85 of the population supported Tutsis 14 of the population Caused the conflict between majority group Hutus and minority group Tutsis 1993 Arusha Accords BBTG Broad Based Transitional Government created Hutus presidentPrime MinisterNo Tutsis in power Long term presidency by Hutu 3 times continuousDictatorship Oppressed Tutsis Tutsis refuse government 1994 Plane CrashHutu president died The very next day Hutus started genocide They believed Tutsis murdered president
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