Study Guides (248,471)
Canada (121,570)
Religion (203)
RLGA01H3 (69)
Henry Shiu (54)
Final

Complete Religion Notes (All lectures inclusive)

33 Pages
631 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Religion
Course
RLGA01H3
Professor
Henry Shiu
Semester
Fall

Description
HHUMB04: Religious Traditions of the East Lecture Notes January 10, 2008: Lecture 1 Introduction KEY TERMS: Hinduism, Hindu, Religion, Dharma, Sanatana Dharma, Tilaks, Visnu, Siva, mleccha, Hindutva, Bharata Religion: general definition a ritualistic practice, where practicers are aiming for higher truth Hinduism laid down basis for most religions Jainism Indian Religions: Sikhism Buddhism Confucianism In China: Daoism Shintoism have certain belief of God Gods are not creators; more like spirits that guard the sun, tree, etc. not creator of these however Hinduism is the dominant religion of India - 85% of the one billion people living in India are known as Hindus - A problematic statement - The terms (Hinduism, Religion, India) are not terms that originate from indigenous words of India; each suggests uniformity and consistency that does not actually exist When studying Religious Traditions of the East, we must accustom ourselves to: Diversity Discontinuity Difference Hindu, Hinduism - not called by its name in the thst - Persian origin from around 12 century CE - Persians used the term Hindu to refer to Indians, not the religion - scholars argue that there is no such thing as Hinduism - a Western term given to the religion Sanatana Dharma - eternal religion or eternal truth - Dutyservice one owes to communityworld - To practice Hinduism means to practice duty - Most Hindus consider themselves as devotees or certain Gods like Siva or Visnu - Devotee of a GodGoddess wear Tilaks (=forehead markings that shows devotion to a God) o Horizontal Tilak Siva Devotee o Veritcal Tilak Visnu Devotee Mleecha = non Hindus (foreigners) Hindutva - Hindu-ness - Increase in word use last several decades Religion - derives from Latin, Religio - meaning has changed - in 17thcentury a stable meaning was determined www.notesolution.com - scholars agreed that there is no universal definition - one definition: Belief in God; contradictory since some religions dont believe in God; not wholesome - another definition: Ceremonies and sacred rituals - Westerners believe it is related to templeschurchesetc. Hindu practice is the foundation of all things in a Hindus life Outsider vs. Insider - insider = those that practice the religion being talked about - outsider = those that dont practice the religion being talked about - either will never know what the other knows - outsiders can see pattern of insiders India - about 95% of Hindus live here - named by outsiders because to refer to the land surrounding the Indus River - Bharata = indigenous term for India - A place of deep spiritualities - Attracted Hippies from the West, seeking mystical experience and enrichment from the Indian sages in the 1960s; seeking meaning of life - The idea of India is problematic because it may suggest greater cohesiveness and unity than it actually exists - Muslims o 10% (100 million) of Indian population o Live in northern India, Pakistan, Bangladesh - Sikhs o 2% (20 million) of Indian population o North-western India o Brings together IslamHinduism o Sought to reduce friction between IslamHindu - Christians o 2% (20 million) of Indian population o Brought by Thomas to India; another belief suggests that Jesus himself went to study in India in his missing years; another belief suggests that Jesus went to India with his mother Mary when he was dieing - Buddhist o 3-4 million of Indian population o Originally founded in India o Presently not popular in India o Many pray to Hindu Gods and some Hindus pray to Buddha overlapping - Jains o 2 million of Indian population o Practice of absolute non-violence o Tremendous effect on Gandhis philosophy - Zorostrainism o A few hundred thousands January 17, 2008: Lecture 2 Hinduism I KEY TERMS: Indus Valley Civilization, Mohenjo-Daro, Harappa, Harappa Culture, Ritual Purity, Procreation and Purity, Female Powers of Reproduction, Aryans, Sanskrit, Rishis, Vaidik dharma, Mahabharata, Ramayana, Puranas, Bhagavad-Gita, Veda, Samhitas, Rig-Veda, Yajur- Veda, Sama-Veda, Atharva-Veda, Samhitas, Brahmanas, Aranyakas, Upanishads, Ritual Sacrifices, Prana, Atman, Triloka, Rita, Purusha, Hymn of Creation, That One, Indra, Brahma Hinduism - a lot of diversity www.notesolution.com - pluralistic religion - worlds oldest religion - prehistoric existence; oldest living religion; unknown founder - we know several cultures that contributes to the development of the religion o (1) Indus Valley Civilization o (2) The Aryans - Difficult to see what all Hindus have in common (1) Indus Valley Civilization - culture flourished between 3000 to 15 000 BCE according to archaeologists findings - 1850s, workers discover a lost civilization that has been the greatest culture known - Hindus dont consider it as a part of Hinduism - Dead culture - Language cryptic; dont know too much about it; dont know what they called themselves; the name Indus Valley given by discoverers - May have spanned over 1 million km 2 - Most important of the excavating sites are Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa - Relatively peaceful civilization since not much weapons were found - A very orderly civilization plumbing was done; public bathing place found - Shows civilization was not only concerned with not only hygiene but ritual purity for religious reasons - Purity and pollution o Cultures have different beliefs of cleandirty o Both are determined due to its context, not the item itself (i.e. salad dressing in salad (good) salad dressing on shirt (bad-dirty); washroom tap water to drink (bad), to bateh (good) same water in kitchen) - Hindu temples nowadays are equipped with tapsbaths in order to follow this ritual - During the Indus Valley Civilization times, womens reproductive ability was celebrated; women seen as sacred - Practicers of meditation picture found shows man in cross-legged position - Summary of Indus Valley Civilization o Concerned with procreation (womens reproductive ability) and purity (baths) o Worship male animals as a way of incorporating their sexual abilities o Womens reproduction powers were also regarded as sacred o Female principle may have been revered as a goddess o Purification practices, meditation, and well-organized cities suggests the important of order and restraint (~self-control) 1500 BCE Indus Valley Civilization comes to an end when the Aryans (lighter skin) came in (2) The Aryans - werent highly organized - were nomads (wanderertravellers) rather than settled agriculturalists - brought in Gods, traditions, languages, rituals - Aryan language evolved into Sanskrit - Sanskrit o Official language of the Hindu Religion o Embodied perfect linguistic o Through syntax, one can get into nature o Some believe it is the origin of languages o EnglishEuropean language closely related to Sanskrit (the source) o God = deva; akin to English words divine, deity - Everything known about them comes from a collection of writings known as the Veda Veda (background) - Authoritative; sacred - Veda = wisdom; vid Sanskrit rootto see; video = to see in English - not a story; a literary manual; book of prayers; consisted of hymns, myths, spells, philosophical things www.notesolution.com
More Less

Related notes for RLGA01H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit