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Final

Key Terms for Religion Exam

38 Pages
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Department
Religion
Course Code
RLGA01H3
Professor
Henry Shiu

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Description
Key Terms for the Lecture on Hinduismsanatana dharma eternal law An alternative term designating a comprehensive tradition but it is common in only a few parts of Indiasome classes of society The term is seldom used to refer to local manifestations of the faithhas a literal meaning of eternal faith and is common in a few parts of India and in some classes of society It is the spiritual laws for which human existence is governed Since Hinduism was a term invented by the British colonists sanatana dharma is the closest thing to represent the hidden meaning behind what is presently known as Hinduism Its enternal law has a literal meaning of eternal faithand is common in a few parts of India and in some classes of society It is the spiritual laws for which human existence is governed Since Hinduism was a term invented by the British colonists sanatana dharma is the closest thing to represent the hidden meaning behind what is presently known as Hinduism Sanatana dharma to humanEternal faith religious and social duty including religiousness and faith An alternative term designating comprehensive traditionLocal manifestation of faitheternal law An alternative term designating a comprehensive tradition but it is common in only a few parts of Indiasome classes of society The term is seldom used to refer to local manifestations of the faithmeans eternal faith Its only common in a few parts of India and in some classes of society This term is usually used to refer to local manifestation of the faithtilak or tilaka forehead markingsBharata indigenous term for Indiais a mark worn on the forhead and other parts of the body It could be worn in different form depending on who you worship Symbolizes the third eye that is associated with many Hindu godsA dot of mark on the forehead made with colored powder Or forehead markingsKarma Action good and bad as it is believed to determine the quality of rebirth in future livesSamsara The continuing cycle of death and rebirthsIndus Valley Civilization Through archaeology finding they found the lost civilization 100 years agothe Indus Valley Civilizationcompletely disappeared Amazed at how advanced they were They constructed cities with plumbing system thousand years ago in stone housesit has a toilet facilityFound great bath not for hygenic purposes but religiousto purifyIndus Valley Culture most are the roots of Hinduismmost are educated guessesThe Indus Valley civilization may have spanned over one million square kilometersConcerned with procreation and purityWorship male animals as a way of incorporating their sexual powersFemale reproduction powers were also regarded as sacredFemale principle may have been revered as a goddessPurification practices meditation and the wellorganized cities suggest the importance of order and restraint Female principle referred to as goddess because they are able to give a life through conceiving a childRefers to one of the origins of the Hindu religion as we know it today It is said that the Hindu practices can date back to this ancient civilization that flourished between 3000 to 1500BCE Two of the well known developments of this civilization are the towns Harappa and Mohenjo Daro which were roughly 480 km apart and yet had so many cultural and lifestyle similarities Both of these towns are collectively known to have the Harrapan culture which is what modern Hinduism is derived from This culture consisted of many things such as perhaps a ritual bath area as was found in the sites as a possible area where ritual ceremonies were doneMohenjoDaro most impt excavating sites of the Indus Valley CivilizationHarappa most impt excavating sites of the Indus Valley CivilizationAryansVery odd religionancient not much info all religions are quite ancient30004000 before CE was when Hinduism was practicedPassed on as an oral tradition no records on how it was practiced who founded it etcVery conservative tradition certain practices due to the way it was transmitted invaded and conquered India brought their religionsanscript language some practicesThey were not highly organized They were nomads roamed around not civilized rather than settled agriculturalists The Aryan language evolved into the Sanskrit the official language of the Hindu religion Their language was unique Sanskrit sacred languagelanguage of the Godsthe fathermother of the European languageEx triangle Same meaning in Sanskrit three in a numberSanskrit language brought in by the Aryans Language known to only priests language used to write the VedasPuranas The body of a victim which has sacrificed by the gods the body of a victim was dismembered and from his mind came the moon from his eyes came the sun from his head the sky hisfeet earthBhagavadGita Some who practice Hinduism some havent even read all of themOnly the priests knew everything about the VedaTheseare mythical stories wellknown to the Indians Vedas Almost everything we know about them comes from a collection of writings known as the Veda Vedathe canaan of Hinduism Aryans have a collection of writings vedawhen they brought it to India it became very sacredSo important is the Veda that Hinduism is sometimes called Vaidik dharma meaning the religions of the Veda Vaidik dharmathe rules of the VedaInsiders Veda represents reality find everything in the VedaSome even claim that the way to construct nuclear energy can be found in the Veda as well as all the info About the spaceThe words of the Veda according to traditional conviction were revealed to ancient seers called rishis The Veda divides into four samhitas or collectionsRigVeda YajurVeda SamaVeda AtharvaVeda RgVeda humans dedicated to praising the deitiesgods
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