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CH 02.pdf

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Santana Dharma • means eternal faith • people used it as an alternative term when asked about there religious identity rather than saying Hinduism. • Only common in few parts of India and in a few classes (not in local manifestations of the faith) • It is the fact about Hinduism being a problematic term. It means the religion of the entire population. However since it is called Hinduism not many people (hindu) like the fact there religion being called rare. It is an artificial attempt (philosophical and nationalistic) to contrive a sense of unity Indus Valley Civilization harrapa mohenjaro • there were many towns on the banks • two of which were called harrapa and mohenjaro (mound of death) • though set far apart, historians believed alot of traveling took place btw them and called there culture harrapa culture • they are know for being good builders (Ex. The great bath) aryans • aryans came and settled in the indus valley civilization • they are also called indo -europeans • came from central asia and/or turkey and settled in iran • believed they came piecefully due to lack of land and growing agriculture • around 2000BCE • however it is also stated in the Rig veda that 5 aryan tribes inhabited the banks of sarasvati but geoligists say it dried out by then ... which means they might have come earlier (at or before harrapan) vedas; rig; sama; yajur; upanishad; samhitas; brahmanas; aranyakas; upanishads • a word from Sanskrit meaning knowledge • they are the earliest surving indo-european compositions • they are collectively known as shruti (that which is heard) • the vedic rishis saw the mantras and have been passing them down • 1500BCE to 600BCE • 4 vedas Rig Same Yajur Atharva ⁃ each of these consist of 4 sections s t r a p t s e i l r a e e h t s nmy h - s a t i hma⁃s s nmy h 8 2 0 1 t u o b a s a h g i ⁃r s l a u t i r d e r c a s t s r o f e h t ) r e h c a e t e h t r a e n g n i t t i s ( s k r ow ECB 0 0 6 s a d e v e h t o t d e d d a s n o i t c e s f f u t s a g n i l l a c , 0 5 7 g n i l bma g g n i n n i w e h t e s u t s i l t a t n e i r o d n a n r e t s ew emo s t s u b s n o i t c e s e r ew ow t t s a l r e t a l ( t i d a e r d l u o c s e s s a l c ow t e l b i l l a f n i e r a y e h t e r o f e r e h t … me h t e d am d o g e s u a c e b me h t d e t a e r c e s i w r e h t o r o e n i v i d g n i e b y n a ) e c n am r o f r e p d n a e c n a d - - - a r t a t s ) d e d u l c n i t o n a n y a r a n i ms k a l ( s nmy h c i d e v r e i l r a e e h t n i h t i w s e i r o t s e h
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