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FINAL RLGA01H3 2012 Fall Key Terms (Hinduism) (3).docx

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Henry Shiu

RLGA01 2012 Fall Key Terms for Hinduism Sanatana DharmaSantana Dharma a Sanskrit phrase meaning the eternal law or the eternal waySantana means eternal perennial or foreverDharma as upholding both thisworldly and otherworldly affairs Santana Dharma signifies that it is the dharma that has neither beginning nor endRepresents a code of conduct and a value system that has spiritual freedom as its coreAny pathway or spiritual vision that accepts the spiritual freedom of others may be considered part of Sanatana DharmaDefinition of Hinduism is further complicated by the frequent use of the term faith as a synonym for religionExperience based rather than belief based without any ideological divisionsEssence a term that is devoid of sectarian leanings or ideological divisionsIts approximate meaning is Natural Law or those principles of reality which are inherent in the very nature and design of the universe Thus the term Sanatana Dharma can be roughly translated to mean the natural ancient and eternal wayTilak Or Tilakamark worn on the forehead and other parts of the body Tilaka may be worn on a daily basis or for special religious occasions only depending on different customsBrahman tilakUrdhapundramarking of two vertical lines on forehead now it is more of a Ushaped tilakKshatriya tilakArdhachandrahalf moon tilak with a bindi or circular mark in middle of the half arcVaishya tilakTripundrathree arclike vertical lines on the forehead with a circular mark on top of itShudra tilakPartallarge circular mark on foreheadmajor tilak variant is often worn by the followers of Lord Shiva and the different forms of Devi Shakti It consists of three horizontal bands across the forehead with a single vertical band or circle in the middleBharatahas been used as a selfascribed name by people of the Indian Subcontinent and the Republic of IndiaBhrata is the official Sanskrit name of the country Bhrata Gaarjyathe name is derived from the ancient Indian texts the Puranas which refers to the land that comprises India as Bhrata varam and uses this term to distinguish it from other varas or continentsKarmaKarma literally means deed or act and more broadly names the universal principle of cause and effectuniversal principle of cause and effect action and reaction that governs all lifeIndian religions is the concept of action or deed understood as that which causes the entire cycle of cause and effect ie the cycle called sasra originating in ancient India and treated in the HinduA summary of this theistic view of karma is expressed by the following God does not make one suffer for no reason nor does He make one happy for no reason God is very fair and gives you exactly what you deserveextended expression or consequence of natural actscausality through a system where beneficial effects are derived from past beneficial actions and harmful effects from past harmful actions creating a system of actions and reactions throughout a souls reincarnated lives forming a cycle of rebirth
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