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Midterm

Study notes(definitions) for Religion Midterm.docx

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Department
Religion
Course Code
RLGA02H3
Professor
David Perley

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Study notes for Religion Midterm Multiple Choice questions Judaism Definitions (pgs. 158-159) Apocalypse: From the Greek for ‘unveiling’ (the Latin equivalent is ‘revelation’); the final battle between the forces of darkness and light expected at the end of time. Apocalyptic literature flourished in the Hellenistic era. Berith: Hebrew term for covenant, the special relationship between God and the Jewish people. Diaspora: ‘Dispersal’, the Jewish world outside the land of ancient Israel; it began with the Babylonian Exile, from which not all Jews returned. Documentary hypothesis: The theory (1894) that the Pentateuch was not written by one person (Moses) but compiled over a long period of time from multiple sources. Eschatology: Doctrine concerning the end of age, from the Greek for ‘study of the end’. Exile: The deportation of Jewish leaders from Jerusalem to Mesopotamia by conquering Babylonians in 586 BCE; disrupting local Israelite political, ritual, and agricultural institutions, it marked the transition from Israelite religion to Judaism. Exodus: The migration of Hebrews from Egypt under the leadership of Moses, understood in later Hebrew thought as marking the birth of the Israelite nation. Menorah: The seven branched candlestick, a Jewish symbol since ancient times, well before widespread adoption of the six-pointed star; the nine branched menorah used at Hanukkah is sometimes called a hanukiah. Midrash: Commentary on scripture. Mishnah: The Hebrew summary of the oral law-inherited from Pharisaism and ascribed to Moses- arranged by topic; edited by Rabbi Judah ha-Nasi before 220 CE, it has an authority paralleling that of the written Torah. Passover: The major spring festival of agricultural rebirth and renewal, given a historical dimension by association with the hasty departure of the Israelites from Egypt under Moses’ leadership. Pentateuch: The first five books of the Hebrew bible ascribed by tradition to Moses but regarded by modern scholars as the product of several centuries of later literary activity. Rabbi: A teacher, in Roman times an expert on the interpretation of the Torah; since priestly sacrifices ceased with the destruction of the Temple, the rabbi has been the scholarly and spiritual leader of the Jewish congregation. Sabbath: The seventh day of the week, observed by Jews since ancient times as a day of rest from ordinary activity. Tanakh: The entire Hebrew bible, consisting of Torah (or law), Nevi’im (or prophets), and Ketuvim (or sacred writings) and named as an acronym of these three terms. Christianity Definitions (pgs. 261-262) Apocalypse, apocalyptic: Cataclysmic events marking the transition from one era to
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