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Christianity-all lecture notes plus additional textbook notes for the quiz (got me a 4.0)

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University of Toronto Scarborough
David Perley

Christianity February 9 , 2010 Christian Timeline 30 Death of Jesus 49 Debate of Jerusalem over the status of Jews and gentiles 65 Death of Paul 301 Baptism of Armenian King Tiridates 312 Constantines reported vision of the cross 325 First Council Nicaea 384 Augustines conversion experience 451 Council of Chalcedon Christianity Lecture I Bear in mind the apocalyptic theme going on at the moment of Jesus Jewish people want a messiah Jesus death was not abnormal at the time of Roman rule John the Baptist claims the end is coming and has the sense of urgency that the end is coming and repentance is needed now before God comes Many of the stories of Jesus comes from the Gospels Scholars find this problematic as the factual truth to these stories is debatable God is more loving the new testament, as Marcion has said Mosaic composite portrait of Jesus Loving God and loving ones neighbours is more emphasized in Christianity but not completely new John the Baptist wants people to repent now before time runs out Jesus not concerned with the rules More concern for forgiveness Hes more of a spiritual messiah His kingdom is a heavenly one Christianity began as a missionary religion Pentecost- God giving the disciples the ability to speak foreign languages Interesting to contrast this with the tower of Babel story of God using the issuance of many languages as punishment rather than reward Letters of Paul, early insight in the early Christianity He is looked at as the key lieutenant A key component of this is his ability to attract non-Jewish participants He spoke greek Paul spoke of gentiles not having to be circumcised for Christianity Dietary Regulations are loosened Paul emphasizes the cosmic part of Christianity, talks about Jesus as a redeemer of human sin Ultimate punishment again is death o Rhetoric about Christianity is that reward is life Not talking about the judgement, heaven and hell THE STRUCTURE OF THE NEW TESTAMENT o Inerrancy Views it to be infallible Believes the document was divinely inspired o Literalism Contemporary interpretation All events in the gospels did actually occur o Historical-Critical The names were attached after, there was a Matthew community etc. Matthew Mark Luke John Gospel of Peter didnt make the cut as it claims that Jesus didnt die but ascended to heaven before being crucified GOSPELS Mark(Winged Lion) o Saviour of the Gentiles o 65-70CE o Apocalyptic urgency o Lions are affiliated with the desert o Peters disciple o Stresses Jesus actions over his teachings o A misunderstood messiah Matthew (winged Angel) o Promised messiah of Israel o 75-80CE o Supreme teacher of Torah o Angel because of the visitations to Mary o Savior of the Jews o Uses Mark as a source, this contains all of Marks narratives o Contains the infancy narrative o Report of post-resurrection appearances o Talks about fulfillment of the prophecies o Has more of a long term vision o Audience was a Jewish one o Made many references to Hebrew literature Luke (winged ox) o Had a Greek audience in mind o Starts in the temple, with ox as a probably sacrifice o 85 CE o Famous for Gods concern for the poor, outcasts and women o 2 part work are called Luke-Acts o Saviour of the Gentiles o Church=Continuation of the life of Jesus o Emphasis on the role of the holy spirit o Claims that his disciples of Jesus didnt commit any crimes o Forgiveness of sinners o Pivotal gospel for todays arguments of social justice John (eagle) 90-100CE o Eagle very noble creature o Jesus as eternal divine son of god o Not synoptic o Incarnation o Jesus as a healer, worker of miracles, reinterpreting the Torah o Embodiment of heavenly wisdom o Teachings of his own divine nature o Crucifixion is not considered humiliating The three are considered synoptic because they are in sync with their stories, they are all versions of one thing whereas John is more of an interpretation
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