Religion Timeline

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University of Toronto Scarborough
David Perley

c. 2000-1500 Abraham and the Patriarchs BCE c. 1500-1200 BCE Egypt, the Exodus and wandering in the desert 1200-1050 BCE Occupation of Canaan, the Promised Land 1050-920 BCE United kingdom under Saul, David and Solomon, with capital at Jerusalem 920-597 BCE Divided kingdom of Israel (north) and Judah (south) 722 BCE Assyria conquers Israel 701 BCE Egyptians conquer Judah 612 BCE Ninevah destroyed by Babylonains and Medes 605 BCE Babylon conquers Egypt, now rules Judah 568-538 BCE Babylonian Exile 586 BCE Destruction of the first temple 550 BCE Second Isaiah composed c. 520 BCE Haggai and Zechariah prophesy 516 BCE Second Temple built 5th cent. BCE Oldest known example of a ketubah 3rd cent. BCE Rise of the Sadducees; Septuagint formed 2nd cent. BCE Idea of resurrection of the dead gains popularity in Jewish circles c. 20 BCE Philo Judaeus born <>0-100 CE Compilation of the Tenakh c. 50 CE Philo dies 70 CE Destruction of the Second Temple by the Romans on the 9th of Av c. 90-150 Canonization of Hebrew Bible essentially complete 135 Bar Kokhba rebellion defeated at Betar by Romans on 9th of Av c. 135 Roman governors ban circumcision 164 Hasmonean revolt against the Romans c. 200 Compilation of the Mishnah by Judah ha-Nasi 337 Proselytizing for Judaism is punishable by death in the Roman Empire. 358 Rabbi Hillel II introduces permanent fixed ritual calendar
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