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David Perley

ExileBabylonian exile typically refers to the deportation and exile of the Jews of the ancient Kingdom of Judah to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar II in 586 BC in fact the exile started with the first deportation in 597 BCThe captivity and subsequent return to Israel and rebuilding of the Jerusalem Temple are pivotal events in the history of the Jews and Judaism and had farreaching impacts on the development of modern Jewish culture and practice 930 BC on theKingdom of Judah also known as the Southern Kingdom came into existence in c 2breakup of the United Monarchy David was made king over the tribe of Judah as early as 1007 BC and Davidic line ruled over Judah for over 420 years until the kingdom fell in 586 BC to the Babylonian the EmpireThe Babylonian captivity had a number of serious effects on Judaism and the Jewish culture including Hebrew alphabet and changes in the fundamental practices and customs of the Jewish changes to the religion This period saw the last highpoint of Biblical prophecy in the person of Ezekiel followed by the 8Torah in Jewish life This process coincided with the emergence of emergence of the central role of the scribes and sages as Jewish leaders see Ezra and the PhariseesAfter the Babylonian captivity there were always sizable numbers of Jews living outside Eretz Israel 9 Jewish diasporathus marking one starting point of theJews continued to practice and develop their religious traditionCyrus permission northern Israelite tribes had been taken captive by Assyria and never returnedPrior to the return the Children of Israel leaving the survivors of the Babylonian exile as the majority of the remainingThe Babylonian Captivity and the subsequent return to Israel were seen as one of the pivotal events in the biblical drama between Yahweh and his people of Israel Just as they had been predestined for Egypt in the logic of the Bible the Israelites were predestined to be punished and saved from slavery in by their god through the Babylonians and then saved once more the current Hebrew script was adopted during this period replacing the traditional Israelite scriptThis period saw the last highpoint of Biblical prophecy in the person of Ezekiel followed by the Torah in Jewish life according to many historicalcritical scholars it emergence of the central role of the was edited and redacted during this time and saw the beginning of the canonization of the Bible which provided a central text for Jews
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