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World Religions Exam Review.doc

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Henry Shiu

World Religions Exam Review Exam out of 100 terms: 10x5=50 marks Essay Questions: 2/3 choices=12x2=24 marks Long Essay Question: requires sub questions and concept map =26 marks Bonus Questions= "who were two prominent figures in the magisterial reform?". Martin Luther and John Calvin. All essay questions are comparative 4 themes that will be present in exam: (think about relations between divine, human and earthy realm • Language: Divine language vs. human language= oral, written, divine and human • Sacred/Social Roles: How the messiah became an idealized notion and how it is maintained by the specific roles appointed in each respective tradition=focus question 1. The concept of the priest being an exclusive human role 2. The concept of the prophet possessing the sacred role 3. Rabbi/Imam's social roles=context of temples, mosque and synagogue 4. Imam as absolute necessary mediator= sacred role • Keep in mind of roles and how they are appointed!(focus) • Identity Formation/Tradition: Imagine that each tradition is a person seeking a concrete identity-keep in mind of the implications of having a particular identity or seeking one(focus of question-through a historians perspective, what had to happen? what happened as a direct result? what did this direct result have on the bigger picture? how did it contribute to the overall process of identity formation?) 1. Christianity: Protestant Reformation, Luther discredited the Roman Catholic Church, the split has a huge implications that are still felt in the present reflected by the diversity of Christianity=contributes to overall identity 2. Sunni/Shi'a Split: the split reflects a solid identity being formed, the consensus achieved, allowed for a codified tradition. Once a solid base was agreed upon up until the prophet passed away, the issue of succession becomes the basis for the split. Sunni believing in old tradition, while the shi'a developed an affinity towards family ties. They believed that ali should have been the rightful successor to Muhammad as he was direct family of Muhammad. Again always revealing a tie to the past as influence in the present context. 3. Judaism: This tradition started as an answer to the sufferings of the Israelites. It heavily relied on the concept of covenants( divine agreements with god), if the people obeyed they would be rewarded with their own salvation. Their tradition has persevered despite all the persecution. The wave metaphor here comes to life. Depending on the time period, certain aspects were added while other taken away to better accommodate the reality of many Israelites. The basis for their identity comes from a covenant formed that gives the people an exclusivity, if they obey they are promised salvation. • Human nature, natural world, divine world: this theme deals with the questions posed by the different realms of existence and how they came to be as well as how they interact - main focus: relations, think of mediators 1. Human world: who are we? where did we come from? discuss how religion answers those most basic questions of human life and in essence almost provides purpose for many in the human world 2. Natural world: who created the natural world? issue of god as the creator of all(spans all three traditions) and heavily influences the practices 3. Divine world: how do we interact? and what is the relationship between both realms? Goal: Connect the lecture notes and textbook together under these 4 headings Judaism : Language: • Oral language is important in this tradition as moses received the 10 commandments orally as an oral torah/contract Sacred/Social Roles: • God picks those who he believes are worthy and assigned them a role, noah and abraham both take on social and scared roles. Noah has to build an ark to save the animals and humans to start again(sacred/social role) Anointed one by god to save the animals. Abraham also takes the sacred/social role as he is asked to sacrifice his own son to prove his allegiance(sacred role) god has other bigger plans for abraham. Abraham also preaches through god to stop human sacrifice(another example of Abraham taking on a scared role/so
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