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David Perley

Apocalypse: from greek word for unveiling, latin equivalent is revelation  Final battle between forces of darkness and light expected at the end of time  Apocalyptic literature flourished in Hellenistic era  Egyptian text  Essences- group of rigourously observant priests under righteous teacher, when a candidate they disapproved of was appointed priest, they left Jerusalem to the desert where they established a centre for priestly purity in preparation for apocalypse  Apolyptic: prophetic books from 2 centure BCE in hellenistic era: eschatological(end of age) in nature and visionary in presentation  Apocalyptists claimed to report their own visions as prophets claimed to report yahweh’s words visions represent a kind of code explained sometimes unexplained-open for new interpretations  Literature associated messiah with a divine overturning of the existing order, exemplifying God’s sovereign control of events and rewarding the piety of the faithful who had rusted in god  Messiah’s death is envisioned, but only as a natural part of a sequence of eras  Jesus travels region around Capernaum, working miracles teaching how to apply jewish law to everyday life and telling parables, many of which point to an impending apocalypse that will lead to a new era of peace and righteousness he calls the kingdom of God Berith: Hebrew term for covenant, the special relationship between god and jewish people  “contract” today  Specifies how god desires abraham’s descendants to behave  If lived to specific obligations, Abraham and descendants will receive land of canaan as a free gift  agreement (covenant) still followed today sealed at Mount Sinai  -explains how god desires abraham’s descendants to behave (sarah, Isaac and Rebecca, Jacob and wives, joseph, moses)  God promises Abraham that his descendants will have land of canaan for their own but land is not a free gift – both sides must live according to specific obligations  Abraham asks for some assurance and in a dream god tells him to bring a heifer 3 yrs old a she=gpat 3 yrs old a ram 3 yrs old a turtledove and a young pigeon, cut the animals in half and lay them ontop of each other Abraham does this  God in the form of a flaming torch comes out during the dark and passes by each half with a smoking pot “to your descendants I give this land” he says signifies god(Yahweh) has sworn a solemn oath  Ceremony – treaty making practices of ancient Near East  Cutting up animals symbolizes laying of a curse on anyone who violated the oath  Jews believe that God expects all humans to follow same fundamental moral code – revealed to Noah form of covenant (agreement) after primeval flood – accessible to everyone  -jews bound to subsequent covenant via prophet Moses at Mount Sinai  God took israilite people out of Egypt, claimed them as his people responded that lord will be their godpromise confirmed at mt Sinai where Hebrews were commanded to follow special set of rules – not to be preferred over any other but thought they were god’s special people because they have been saved from slavery and elected to fulfill a special responsibility
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