Christianity Terms and Outline of Key Concepts

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University of Toronto Scarborough
David Perley

KEY TERMS FOR QUIZ #2 Apostles: The first generation of Jesus followers. All of Jesus 12 disciples were apostles, and some wrote the different Gospels, which recount the different perspectives on Jesus life. Pentecost: The fiftieth day after Easter, commemorated as the dramatic occasion when Jesus followers experienced the presence of the Holy Spirit. Evangelical: In Germany, a name for the Lutheran Church; in the English-speaking world, a description of conservative Protestants with a confident sense of the assurance of the divine grace and the obligation to preach it. Christ: From the Greek Christos, a translation of the Hebrew word for messiah, anointed. Jesus was believed to be a messiah and therefore became referred to as Jesus the Christ to represent this. In the many different accounts of Jesus life in the gospels, we see Jesus referred to as many different things: the saviour of the Gentiles, the master of the Torah, etc. Jesus is referred to as Jesus the Christ because he is believed to be the messiah, or the king of the Jews, in certain contexts. Bishop: The supervising priest of an ecclesiastical district called a diocese. In the beginning of the development of the tradition, although Paul was attempting to manage things, there was no real authority. As the development continues, each area gets a manager; these managers were called bishops, and were overseers or managers of the religion for a particular region. Three major bishops at the earliest time were the Bishop of Rome which was the centralized authority, whose job it was to notify the other Bishops on what was happening in the development of the tradition, the Bishop of Antioch and the Bishop of Alexandria. In the modern context, the Bishop of Rome is the Pope, or father of the Bishops Church who mediates Christians connection with the divine. Canon: When Christianity became the established religion of the Roman Empire, church leaders made a list of the writings they acknowledged to be scripture. This list is also referred to as the canon, and is what Christians know as the New Testament. It includes the gospels. Originally, the authors of the gospels were not named, but in the 2ndcentury CE, they were named because the tradition was in search of a canon, or an authorized collection of works, naming them provided a sort of stamp of authority that added
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