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David Perley

Quiz Terms: - Torah: It’s the Jewish name for the first 5 books in the Jewish Bible. These books are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. It was spoken to Moses by God on Mount Sinai. It is also referred to as the Pentateuch or the 5 books of Moses. It is the centrepiece in Sabbath morning services. It tells the story of Abraham and Sarah, and their relationship with God in the promise land of Canaan. It tells the story of Egypt and of the exile and redemption of the people of Israel, and their journey through the desert to the land of Canaan. Along the way, Israel enters into a covenant with God, and God reveals the rules of a just society and proper worship. It is also the central and most important document in Judaism. It contains 613 commandments. It’s written in Hebrew. Main theme is human rebellion against divine love. Rabbinic Jews view the God of Israel as the source of Torah whereas Philo describe the Torah as being written by Moses. - Diaspora: Is the migration/scattering of people away from an established or ancestral homeland. The Jewish Diaspora is the exile of the Jewish people from the Kingdom of Judah, with the destruction of the first temple in 586 B.C.E. It was the Babylonians who conquered the temple, and exiled a large part of of the Jewish population to Babylonia (now southern Iraq). This Diaspora has led to Jewish people living all over the world. Another group of Jews fled to Egypt. In 70 A.D., the Romans destroyed the second temple and most of Jerusalem. They drove the Jews out of Palestine and they got all around the world. Diaspora is Divine Retribution. The people of Israel lacked fidelity to their God and to the covenant, therefore their punishment was the destruction of their spiritual centre; being Jerusalem and the Temple. - Ten Commandments: Also called the Decalogue, is God’s first recitation and inscription of the Ten Commandments on 2 tablets, which were broken by Moses because of his anger towards the people of Israel worshipping a golden calf, then re- written on 2 other tablets that were kept in the ark of the covenant. 1. Thou shalt have no other gods before me 2. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image 3. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain 4. Remember the sabbath day and keep it holy 5. Honour thy father and thy mother 6. Thou shalt not kill 7. Thou shalt not commit adultery 8. Thou shalt not steal 9. Thou shalt not bear false witnes
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