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religion exam questions a nd answers.docx

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David Perley

Describe the “contracts” or covenants outlined in the stories of the Hebrew Bible. Discuss themes connected to successful and/or failed attempts to live up to these contracts. Make sure to include specific examples of these “contracts. The central organizing concept in the ancient Hebrew religion was the covenant (aka berith in Hebrew). A theological term , 'covenant' means much of the same thing that 'contract' does today. The purpose of life for those bound by the covenant is defined by the special contractual relationship into which first Abraham, then Jacob & Moses and the people of Israel, enter with God, since the first covenant specifies exactly how God desires Abraham's descendants to behave/ God promises Abraham that he and his descendants will have the land of Canaan for their own-but its not a free gift; both sides must live according to specific obligations; they must adhere to a specific way of living (what would one day become Judaism). God gave Abraham and his descendants the land of Canaan, after Abraham obeyed Gods order, of cutting-up the animals in two. Hence, God's providence is expressed in the form of a treaty between Abraham & Yahweh the God who promises to oversee the destiny of his descendants, if they conform to the model of behaviour laid out in the covenant. The theme of obedience to God's will is also demonstrated when God calls on Abraham to sacrifice his son Isaac as a burnt offering & Abraham follows through with this, however an angel intervenes and tells him to sacrifice an animal instead, as God opposes human sacrifice; this in turn justifies the building of the temple at Jerusalem (Mount Moriah); where the sacrifice took place. From that point on, the covenant was renewed or renegotiated several times between god and biblical figures (Moses, David, Isaac, Jacob Soloman, Ezra, etc..) and each time more terms of agreement were added. This is where the covenant gets its nature of rewards vs. punishments, the reward would be given if the Hebrews lived up to their side of the agreement, so if they faithfully adhered to the covenant; if not, they would either not get the reward or god would look upon them unfavourably (bad things would happen). The covenant was not between Moses and God necessarily, but Moses spoke on behalf of God to the Hebrews. The terms of this covenant: If they accepted to be gods people and follow the 10 commandments, they would get everything discussed in the first covenant (Abrahams). The reason Moses was not allowed to go into the land of Israel was because he disobeyed God. God gave him orders to ask the rock to relinquish water (so the people can drink) and instead he hit the rock. Moses disobeyed a direct command from God. God had commanded Moses to speak to the rock. Instead, Moses struck the rock with his staff. Second, Moses took the credit for bringing forth the water. Notice how in verse 10 Moses said, "Must we [referring to Moses and Aaron] bring you water out of this rock?" Moses took credit for the miracle himself, instead of attributing it to God. Third, Moses did this in front of all the Israelites. Such a public example of direct disobedience could not go unpunished. Moses’ punishment was that he would not be allowed to enter the Promised Land The disobedience resulted in punishment. this question im mainly focusing on, so yah and heres the terms i did, some are more detailed, so u can understand properly Why is rabbinical Judaism considered such an important development for Judaism today? Be sure to include in your answer the social-historical context that led to the emergence of rabbinical Judaism, what activities, ideas, and products are associated with the early rabbinical movement, and how it restructured the earlier tradition to meet new social and political demands. How can we best characterize the rabb
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