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Final

Key Terms For Final Exam


Department
Religion
Course Code
RLGA01H3
Professor
Henry Shiu
Study Guide
Final

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RLG A01 EXAM REVIEW
Key Terms for the Lecture on Hinduism:
sanatana dharma
-Eternal faith; religious and social duty, including religiousness and faith
-An alternative term designating comprehensive tradition
-Local manifestation of faith
tilak (or tilaka)
-A dot/mark on the forehead made by colored powder
-Worn by married women (bini)
-Symbolizes the womans role in the society
Bharata
-Brother of Rama
-Ruled Ramayana as ramas agent
karma
-Action, good or bad, as its believed to determine the quality of rebirth in future
lives
-“action”= cause and effect
-Karma implies samsara
-To achieve moksha requires transforming experimental wisdom
samsara
- The continuing cycle of rebirths/ reincarnation
Indus Valley Civilization
-India traces back towards the Indus Valley; culture between 3000- 1500 BC
-Known to be a well developed culture through there religious technology
-The culture where the beginning traces of Hinduism is found > resulted into
Hinduism
-Culture included written languages and impressive architecture designed for
religious purposes
Mohenjo-Daro
- 1 of the 2 towns on the banks of the Indus River
-Where the Indus Valley Civilization began
-culture included hand written language, and architecture designed for religious
purposes
Harappa
-1 of the 2 towns on the banks of the Indus River
-Where the Indus Valley Civilization began
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RLG A01 EXAM REVIEW
-culture included hand written language, and architecture designed for religious
purposes
-Created impressive buildings
Aryans
-a civilization which resulted into Hinduism
-people from Central Asia migrating in Iran
-acquired a class of connotation (noble ones)
Sanskrit
-The oficial language of the Hindu tradition
-Brought into India by the Aryans
- revelation of reality
Puranas
-Traditional story known by heart
-Retold old tales of the Hindu tradition; shifting emphasis from the Vedic gods
to deities
-How many practices and traditions are explained
Bhagavad-Gita
-Traditional story known by heart
-conversation between Arjuna & Krishna = Bhagavad- Gita
Vedas
-Earliest surviving Indo- European compositions
-The official book of the Hindus
-Consists of four collection of hymns & texts
-The oldest and highly respected Hindu sacred literature
-Collection of everything we know about the Aryans
Rg-Veda
-1 of the 4 collections of the Vedas
-The most important of the 4 collections of the Vedas
Yajur-Veda
-1 of the 4 collections of the Vedas
Sama-Veda
-1 of the 4 collections of the Vedas
Atharva-Veda
-1 of the 4 collections of the Vedas
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RLG A01 EXAM REVIEW
-Different from the other Vedas . consists of chants used for purposes other that
sacrificial purposes
-Includes non- Aryan material
Samhitas
-1 of the 4 sections of the Veda
Brahmanas
-1 of the 4 sections of the Veda
-text regarding rituals; composition for the forest
Aranyakas
-1 of the 4 sections of the Veda
Upanishads
-1 of the 4 sections of the Veda
-discusses karma, the relationship between Atman & Brahman, wisdom >
immortality
-philosophical text in the form of reported conversations on the theory of the
Vedic ritual & the nature of knowledge
-the most recent section
-begins the Hindu philosophical thought
prana
-An internal air current of the body
-the basic animating principle
Atman
-The individual self
-Held by Upanishadic and Vedantic thought to be identical with Brahman
-Understanding our soul
-The human soul
Brahman
-The world- soul
-Single source of all things
-Supreme being; eternal deity
-Pervades human thought and universe
-To know Brahman is to enter new consciousness
Rita
-A principle which allows changes to take place
-Truthfulness, faithfulness
www.notesolution.com
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