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RLGA01H3 Study Guide - Final Guide: Bodhisattva Vow, Mahayana, Babylonian Captivity

7 pages141 viewsFall 2017

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David Perley
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· Karma and rebirth
o Means action or deed in Sanskrit
o Hinduism term
o Not unique to Hinduism as it is believed in Buddhism and Jainism too
o Karma does not end at death, but will take in effect in your next life as well.
o Persons destiny in life is determined by their past actions, not by some higher
o Previous actions have gotten you where you are, not by higher power
o Good action can lead to freedom from samsara, while bad actions can lead to
lower birth or endless samsara
o Universal cause and effect continuum that affects any action motivated by
desire, whether action is good or evil
o They dot reeer their past life util adaed editatio
o Karma is associated with rebirth but not the same concept. You can believe in
one but not the other.
-Rebirth unites all living beings and creates a moral bond between them.
-Rebirth does not mean there is no heaven or hell- it is just a temporary stay but
u are put back into the world eventually.
· Bodhisattva
o “askrit; 'Bodhi' eas 'elighteet' ad 'satta' eas 'eig
o Buddhist term
o Being who has vowed to work towards enlightenment
o Mahayana Buddhists take a Bodhisattva vow
o Bodhisattva's have achieved nirvana (spiritual enlightenment); they are
advanced spiritual beings but stay back to help humans in need
o Study teachings of yoga
· Push- pull factors
o In relation to Migration
o Used mostly in 20th century demographic and migration studies
o Push factors are negative factors that force one to emigrate for the better of
their future. Examples include: poverty, natural disaster, war,
o Pull factors are positive factors that focus on positive reasons to cause one to
leave by choice for better opportunities. Examples include: Jobs, land,
freedom, opportunities for a better life.
o A theory presented by Baumann
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o Example of push would be diaspora of the Jews. They were forced out of their
homes in Judea to live in the rivers of Babel in Babylonian exile
o More of a spectrum rather than a theory because there are any other personal
factors that go into making the decision of migrating.
· Moksha
o Derived from Sanskrit
o Hinduism concept
o refers to various forms of emancipation, liberation, and release
o Moksha is the end or escape of the cycle of Samsara
o Nirvana is Buddhist concept
§ Very similar but some differences: not final goal of hindus
o Samsara is the endless cycle of births and deaths
o To attain this it is a must to transcend ignorance and illusion
o Not the goal of most Hindus
o A realization of something bigger than just this life
· Patriarchal authority
o Most men have authority in religion
o Result of tradition and succession in favor of men
o Also because of taboos regarding pollution and uncleanliness connecting to
female functions like menstruation and childbirth.
o Jewish and Hindu traditions
§ Items become defiled if in contact with a women menstruating
o Ee as reated fro Adas ri iplyig oe are inferior
o Eve was first to sin in bible
o But women were allowed to have some form of authority in Buddhist
traditions for example living the same lifestyle of a monk. Also Sikhism
emphasized gender equality
o This is when authority is residing in the hands of men. Most religions are
patriarchal, as a result of tradition. When succession is hereditary, a
patriarchy is favoured, privileging male succession. Also results from taboos
regarding pollution, in connecting with the female functions of menstruation
and childbirth - particularly true of Jewish and Hindu traditions -
presriptios for purifiatio folloig their teriatio
· Kami
o Shinto Gods and spirits
o Japanese term
o In relation to natural objects or forces
o Shinto = the way of the deities (kami)
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