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Final

RLGA01H3 Final: RLGA01- FINAL EXAM GUIDE

7 Pages
27 Views
Fall 2017

Department
Religion
Course Code
RLGA01H3
Professor
David Perley
Study Guide
Final

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FINAL EXAM
· Karma and rebirth
o Means action or deed in Sanskrit
o Hinduism term
o Not unique to Hinduism as it is believed in Buddhism and Jainism too
o Karma does not end at death, but will take in effect in your next life as well.
o Persons destiny in life is determined by their past actions, not by some higher
power
o Previous actions have gotten you where you are, not by higher power
o Good action can lead to freedom from samsara, while bad actions can lead to
lower birth or endless samsara
o Universal cause and effect continuum that affects any action motivated by
desire, whether action is good or evil
o They dot reeer their past life util adaed editatio
o Karma is associated with rebirth but not the same concept. You can believe in
one but not the other.
-Rebirth unites all living beings and creates a moral bond between them.
-Rebirth does not mean there is no heaven or hell- it is just a temporary stay but
u are put back into the world eventually.
· Bodhisattva
o “askrit; 'Bodhi' eas 'elighteet' ad 'satta' eas 'eig
o Buddhist term
o Being who has vowed to work towards enlightenment
o Mahayana Buddhists take a Bodhisattva vow
o Bodhisattva's have achieved nirvana (spiritual enlightenment); they are
advanced spiritual beings but stay back to help humans in need
o Study teachings of yoga
· Push- pull factors
o In relation to Migration
o Used mostly in 20th century demographic and migration studies
o Push factors are negative factors that force one to emigrate for the better of
their future. Examples include: poverty, natural disaster, war,
unemployment.
o Pull factors are positive factors that focus on positive reasons to cause one to
leave by choice for better opportunities. Examples include: Jobs, land,
freedom, opportunities for a better life.
o A theory presented by Baumann
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o Example of push would be diaspora of the Jews. They were forced out of their
homes in Judea to live in the rivers of Babel in Babylonian exile
o More of a spectrum rather than a theory because there are any other personal
factors that go into making the decision of migrating.
· Moksha
o Derived from Sanskrit
o Hinduism concept
o refers to various forms of emancipation, liberation, and release
o Moksha is the end or escape of the cycle of Samsara
o Nirvana is Buddhist concept
§ Very similar but some differences: not final goal of hindus
o Samsara is the endless cycle of births and deaths
o To attain this it is a must to transcend ignorance and illusion
o Not the goal of most Hindus
o A realization of something bigger than just this life
· Patriarchal authority
o Most men have authority in religion
o Result of tradition and succession in favor of men
o Also because of taboos regarding pollution and uncleanliness connecting to
female functions like menstruation and childbirth.
o Jewish and Hindu traditions
§ Items become defiled if in contact with a women menstruating
o Ee as reated fro Adas ri iplyig oe are inferior
o Eve was first to sin in bible
o But women were allowed to have some form of authority in Buddhist
traditions for example living the same lifestyle of a monk. Also Sikhism
emphasized gender equality
o This is when authority is residing in the hands of men. Most religions are
patriarchal, as a result of tradition. When succession is hereditary, a
patriarchy is favoured, privileging male succession. Also results from taboos
regarding pollution, in connecting with the female functions of menstruation
and childbirth - particularly true of Jewish and Hindu traditions -
presriptios for purifiatio folloig their teriatio
· Kami
o Shinto Gods and spirits
o Japanese term
o In relation to natural objects or forces
o Shinto = the way of the deities (kami)
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Description
FINAL EXAM Karma and rebirth o Means action or deed in Sanskrit o Hinduism term o Not unique to Hinduism as it is believed in Buddhism and Jainism too o Karma does not end at death, but will take in effect in your next life as well. o Persons destiny in life is determined by their past actions, not by some higher power o Previous actions have gotten you where you are, not by higher power o Good action can lead to freedom from samsara, while bad actions can lead to lower birth or endless samsara o Universal cause and effect continuum that affects any action motivated by desire, whether action is good or evil o They dont remember their past life until advanced meditation o Karma is associated with rebirth but not the same concept. You can believe in one but not the other. -Rebirth unites all living beings and creates a moral bond between them. -Rebirth does not mean there is no heaven or hell- it is just a temporary stay but u are put back into the world eventually. Bodhisattva o Sanskrit; 'Bodhi' means 'enlightenment' and 'sattva' means 'being o Buddhist term o Being who has vowed to work towards enlightenment o Mahayana Buddhists take a Bodhisattva vow o Bodhisattva's have achieved nirvana (spiritual enlightenment); they are advanced spiritual beings but stay back to help humans in need o Study teachings of yoga Push- pull factors o In relation to Migration th o Used mostly in 20 century demographic and migration studies o Push factors are negative factors that force one to emigrate for the better of their future. Examples include: poverty, natural disaster, war, unemployment. o Pull factors are positive factors that focus on positive reasons to cause one to leave by choice for better opportunities. Examples include: Jobs, land, freedom, opportunities for a better life. o A theory presented by Baumanno Example of push would be diaspora of the Jews. They were forced out of their homes in Judea to live in the rivers of Babel in Babylonian exile o More of a spectrum rather than a theory because there are any other personal factors that go into making the decision of migrating. Moksha o Derived from Sanskrit o Hinduism concept o refers to various forms of emancipation, liberation, and release o Moksha is the end or escape of the cycle of Samsara o Nirvana is Buddhist concept Very similar but some differences: not final goal of hindus o Samsara is the endless cycle of births and deaths o To attain this it is a must to transcend ignorance and illusion o Not the goal of most Hindus o A realization of something bigger than just this life Patriarchal authority o Most men have authority in religion o Result of tradition and succession in favor of men o Also because of taboos regarding pollution and uncleanliness connecting to female functions li
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