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RLGA01H3 Study Guide - Parshvanatha, Tirthankara, Rishabhanatha

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Henry Shiu

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Key Terms for the lecture on Jainism:
1. Karmamarga: The way to Self-realisation through selfless action. The disciple surrenders his
life to brahman
2. ahimsa: a fundamental principle forming the cornerstone of its ethics and doctrine inJainism
3. sramanas: ancient Indian religious movement parallel to but separate from the historical Vedic
religion.The shramana tradition gave rise to jainism
4. karma (in the context of Jainism): basic principle within an overarching psycho-cosmology
5. tirthankaras: a human being who helps in achieving liberation and enlightenment as an "Arihant".
Tīrthaṅkars are facilitators
6. moksa:means liberation, salvation or emancipation of sou
7. Rsabha: The first Tirthankara of our current time cycke; also called Adinath,
8. Mahavira:Great hero
9. Jina: eternal soul/ consciousness
10. Parsva: was the twenty-thirdTirthankara of Jainism. He is the earliest Jain leader accepted as a historical
11. Svatambaras: One of the two early sectarian nodes within Jainism, mendicants. wear
sample white robes
12. Digambaras: Early sectarian note within Jainism with its own sacred scriptures (practice
of nudity)
13. acarya: is a guide or instructor
14. swastika: Swastika, a symbol of auspiciousness
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