key terms on Sikhism
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Key Terms for the Lecture on Sikhism:
Sufism – Islamic mystic tradition
Sant tradition – (truth, holy, saint) the three elements contributed to form sant tradition
is bhakthi practice, tantric and Sufism.
Nanak : founder of Sikhism. Born into a upper caste “kshatri”. Information about guru
nanak comes from Janam-sakhis.(birth narratives. ). He said he had experienced god
directly. He composed more than 900 hymns.
Adi Granth: Primary scripture of Sikhism. It was compiled by the 5th guru Arjan. It is
also known as “guru granth singh”. Include 974 hymans. Works of fist 5 gurus and ninth.
After the death of guru gobindth singh it was invested with the supreme authority. It is
devided into three major sections. Introductory-(prayers), the middle section( it is devided
into 32 ragas) final section includes miscellaneous works.
Sat Guru: true teacher. Symbol of unity of god. It is a title that given to an enlightened
rishi. Fundermental devine reality. It is said that god should be experienced rather
talking about him.
Om kara : same as sat guru
Mardana : mislim friend of nank. Who played the musical instruments while nanak was
Sikh : Sikhism arose as a response to the conflict between hindu and muslim. Nanak
found it. It is believed there’s only one god. (monostic religion) god goes beyond the limit
o g human.
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