Sanatana dharma- means eternal faith. It’s only common in a few parts of India and in
some classes of society. This term is usually used to refer to local manifestation of the faith.
Tilak (tilaka) - is a mark worn on the for-head and other parts of the body. It could be worn
in different form, depending on who you worship. Symbolizes the third eye, that is
associated with many Hindu gods
Bharata- another term used a long time ago to refer to India
Karma- (action) good or bad, as it is used to determine the quality of rebirth in our future
life. Human have free will to choose good or evil and suffer the consequence
Samsara- mean the continuing cycle of rebirth. According to Hindus the goal of human life
is to be free of samsara and this is done through attaining moksha
Mohenjo-Daro- a town that is located on the banks of the Indus river (name means “mound
of the dead”) it known to be a religious town, it shares some of the same religious concepts
as the towns around it.
Indus Valley Civilization- Hinduism originated here in the early 20th century, it was said
that it had grown from a fusion of the indigenous religions of the Indus Valley with the faith
of the Aryans
Harappa- is a town located on the banks of the Indus River and has similar view in culture
Aryans- Aryans are indo European people thought to have migrated into India from other
parts of Asia, but some say that India was their original land.
Sanskrit- the official language of the Hindu religion it is said to be sacred (only Brahmins
can read it)
Puranas- “old tales” stories about deities that became important after the Vedic period
(teaches the importance of the Vedas)
Bhagavad gita- a section of the mahabrata epic recounting a conversation between Krishna
and the warrior Arjuna, in which Krishna explains the nature of god and the human soul.
(This book is a guide to life)
Vedas- the 4 collection of hymns and rituals that constitute the oldest and the most highly
respected Hindu literature (1. Rig-Veda, 2. Yajuveda, 3. Samaveda, 4. Atharvaved) consist of
the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature