Study Guides (256,436)
CA (124,640)
UTSC (8,077)
Religion (203)
RLGA01H3 (69)
Henry Shiu (54)

Key Terms on Hinduism

5 Pages
123 Views

Department
Religion
Course Code
RLGA01H3
Professor
Henry Shiu

This preview shows pages 1-2. Sign up to view the full 5 pages of the document.
Key Terms for the Lecture on Hinduism
1.sanatana dharma: eternal law. An alternative term designating a comprehensive
tradition, but it is common in only a few parts of India & some classes of society. The
term is seldom used to refer to local manifestations of the faith.
2.tilak (or tilaka): A dot of mark on the forehead made with colored powder. Or
forehead markings
Bharata: Indigenous term for India
Karma: Action, good and bad, as it is believed to determine the quality of rebirth in future lives.
3.Samsara: The continuing cycle of death and rebirths
Indus Valley Civilization: The Indus Valley civilization may have spanned over one million
square kilometers. Most important of the excavating sites are Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa.
Indus Valley culture flourished between 3000 to 1500 BCE.
4.Mohenjo-Daro: a town on the banks of the Indus River in Pakistan. Mound of the
Dead. The citadel at Mohenjo Daro has a huge swimming pool like structure that
archaeologists call the Great Bath, surrounded by porticos & flights of stairs.
5.Harappa: A large town on the banks of the Indus River in Pakistan. The culture
extends well beyond the Indus Valley itself & is therefore called the Harappa
culture.
6.Aryans: They were not highly organized. They were nomads rather than settled
agriculturalists. The standard vew in the early 20th century was that it had grown
from a fusion of the indigenous religions of the Indus Valley with the faith of the
Aryans, an Indo-European people usually thought to have migrated there sometimes
between 1750 & 1500 BCE.
7.Sanskrit: The Aryan language evolved into the Sanskrit, the official language of the
Hindu religion.
8.Puranas: Old tales’, stories about deities that became important after the Vedic
period.
www.notesolution.com
Bhagavad-Gita: A section of the Mahabharata epic recounting a conversation between Krishna
and the warrior Arjuna, in which Krishna explains the nature of God & the human soul.
Vedas: The 4 collections of hymns and ritual texts that constitute the oldest & most highly
respected Hindu sacred literature. Almost everything we know about the gods comes
from a collection of writings known as the Veda. In the Hindu tradition, the term Vedas
denotes the whole corpus, starting with the hymns, continuing through the ritual
treatises, and concluding with the texts of a more philosophical character.
Rg-Veda: One of the 4 samhitas or collections of the Veda. Rg Veda is the oldest & most
important. Some people argue that the Rg Veda is more than 30,000 years old. The
earliest section og the Rig Veda contains 1,028 hymns.
9.Yajur-Veda: One of the 4 Vedic collections. The hymns of the Yajur Veda are largely
borrowed from the Rig Veda.
10.Sama-Veda: One of the 4 Vedic collections. Hymns from the Sama Veda are largely
borrowed from the Rig. The Sama Veda was meant to be sung.
11.Atharva-Veda: One of the 4 Vedic collections. It differs from the other 3 Vedas in
that if includes material that scholars consider non-Aryan, such as incantations and
remedies to ward off illness & evil spirits. Unlike the hymns of the other Vedas,
these chants were used for purposes other than sacrificial rituals. Some call for hard
to befall ones enemies and one verse refers to the use of herbs to make a lover
return. Another requests luck in gambling.
12.Samhitas: One of the 4 sections in the 4 collections. Many Orientalists & Wester
Indologists have used the Veda only for the hymns, the samhita portion of each
collection. Hymns, the earliest parts.
13.Brahmanas: One of the 4 sections in the 4 Vedic collections regarding rituals;
directions for the performance of sacred rituals.
14.Aranyakas: One of the 4 sections in the 4 Vedic collections called compositions for
the forest.
15.Upanishads: One of the 4 sections in the 4 Vedic collections. Philosophical
texts/works in the form of reported conversations on the theory of the Vedic ritual
and the nature of knowledge, composed around the 6th century BCE.
Prana: an internal air current of the body, is often spoken of as the basic animating principle.
The Prana is what makes us alive.. No specific detailed definition but has to do with
breathing & energy
16.Atman: The individual self, held by Upanishadic & Vedantic thought to be identical
with Brahman, the world-soul.
17.Brahman: The world-soul, sometimes understood in impersonal terms; Supreme
Being, the single source of all that is
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Key Terms for the Lecture on Hinduism 1. sanatana dharma: eternal law. An alternative term designating a comprehensive tradition, but it is common in only a few parts of India & some classes of society. The term is seldom used to refer to local manifestations of the faith. 2. tilak (or tilaka): A dot of mark on the forehead made with colored powder. Or forehead markings Bharata: Indigenous term for India Karma: Action, good and bad, as it is believed to determine the quality of rebirth in future lives. 3. Samsara: The continuing cycle of death and rebirths Indus Valley Civilization: The Indus Valley civilization may have spanned over one million square kilometers. Most important of the excavating sites are Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa. Indus Valley culture flourished between 3000 to 1500 BCE. 4. Mohenjo-Daro: a town on the banks of the Indus River in Pakistan. Mound of the Dead. The citadel at Mohenjo Daro has a huge swimming pool like structure that archaeologists call the Great Bath, surrounded by porticos & flights of stairs. 5. Harappa: A large town on the banks of the Indus River in Pakistan. The culture extends well beyond the Indus Valley itself & is therefore called the Harappa culture. 6. Aryans: They were not highly organized. They were nomads rather than settled agriculturalists. The standard vew in the early 20 century was that it had grown from a fusion of the indigenous religions of the Indus Valley with the faith of the Aryans, an Indo-European people usually thought to have migrated there sometimes between 1750 & 1500 BCE. 7. Sanskrit: The Aryan language evolved into the Sanskrit, the official language of the Hindu religion. 8. Puranas: Old tales, stories about deities that became important after the Vedic period. www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit