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RLGA01H3 Study Guide - Ewo, Indus Valley Civilisation, Rigveda


Department
Religion
Course Code
RLGA01H3
Professor
Shi

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Santana Dharma
means eternal faith
people used it as an alternative term when asked about there religious
identity rather than saying Hinduism.
Only common in few parts of India and in a few classes (not in local
manifestations of the faith)
It is the fact about Hinduism being a problematic term. It means the religion
of the entire population. However since it is called Hinduism not many
people (hindu) like the fact there religion being called rare. It is an artificial
attempt (philosophical and nationalistic) to contrive a sense of unity
Indus Valley Civilization
harrapa
mohenjaro
there were many towns on the banks
two of which were called harrapa and mohenjaro (mound of death)
though set far apart, historians believed alot of traveling took place btw them
and called there culture harrapa culture
they are know for being good builders (Ex. The great bath)
aryans
aryans came and settled in the indus valley civilization
they are also called indo -europeans
came from central asia and/or turkey and settled in iran
believed they came piecefully due to lack of land and growing agriculture
around 2000BCE
however it is also stated in the Rig veda that 5 aryan tribes inhabited the
banks of sarasvati but geoligists say it dried out by then ... which means they
might have come earlier (at or before harrapan)
vedas; rig; sama; yajur; upanishad; samhitas; brahmanas; aranyakas;
upanishads
a word from Sanskrit meaning knowledge
they are the earliest surving indo-european compositions
they are collectively known as shruti (that which is heard)
the vedic rishis saw the mantras and have been passing them down
1500BCE to 600BCE
4 vedas Rig Same Yajur Atharva
each of these consist of 4 sections
samhitas - hymns the earliest parts
rig has about 1028 hymns
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