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christianity notes


Department
Religion
Course Code
RLGA02H3
Professor
David Perley

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Apostles: The first generation of Jesus’ followers – 12 disciples are apostles
Pentecost: The fiftieth day after Easter, commemorated as the dramatic occasion when
Jesus’ followers experienced the presence of the Holy Spirit – Tongues of fire – different
languages – justification for their missionary activity – tower of Babel
Evangelical: In Germany, a name for the Lutheran Church; in the English speaking
world, a description of conservative Protestants with a confident sense of the assurance of
divine grace and the obligations to preach it – assurance of grace – as spiritual rebirth –
and being born again
Christ: From the Greek word Christos translation of the Hebrew word for Messiah,
“anointed”. Used to be Jesus the Christ – then shortened – Christians believed he was the
messiah
Bishop: The supervising priest of an ecclesiastical district called a diocese. Rome,
Antioch, Alexandria, Constantinople, Jerusalem – bishops baptise new Christians – one
of the main causes of the church schism of 1054
Canon: A standard; a scriptural canon is the list of books acknowledged as scripture; the
list of acknowledged saints is likewise a canon. Canon law is the accumulated body of
Church regulations and discipline. Clergy subject to the rule of a particular cathedral or
congregation are also sometimes termed canons
Crucifix: A cross with an image of the suffering Jesus mounted on it. Different
interpretations – romans – king of jews – as mocking – challenged political/religious
authority – he went against the law – bc he didn’t like the taxation of the people – activist
protest – protests the money takers of the temple – was not as sacred a place as it used to
be – Peter cut off the ear of a Roman – when Jesus was being arrested – Jesus told him to
put his sword back in
Eucharist: The ritual re enactment of Jesus’ sacrifice of himself, patterned after his
sharing of bread and wine as his body and blood at the final Passover meal with his
disciples. Orthodox Christians term it the liturgy, Catholics the mass, and Protestants the
Lord’s supper or Holy Communion.
- means sacrament – believers consume consecrated bread and wine In commemoration
of the last supper which is the re enactment of Christ’s sacrifice
Gospel: ‘Good news’ (evangelion in Greek) the news of redemption that the Hebrew
Prophets had promised. The gospels are the accounts of Jesus’ life attributed to his
disciples Mark, Matthew, Luke, and John.
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Indulgences: Releases from time in purgatory; the selling of indulgences was one of the
many abuses that led to the Protestant Reformation.
Logos: word” in the sense of eternal divine intelligence and purpose.
Johns gospel – more theological – logos – the whole idea of divine intelligence – god
creates commands and redeems the world through his word – john wants his hearers to
appreciate that
Orthodox: (y) Literally, thestraight way’ meaning correct belief; in any church, the
accepted doctrine
Authority – rome making decisions for everybody was a problem
Eastern religion developed autonomously
Tired to preserve the early spirit of Christianity – mysticism and iconography
Mysticism: A tradition cultivating an intensely felt spiritual union with the divine. The
Eastern Church believed in a divine encounter in our lifetime – western – after death
Mystical component in the east in not explicit in west – jesus prayer is repeated
Excommunication: Formal expulsion from the Church, particularly the Roman Catholic
Church, for doctrinal error or moral misconduct.
Trinity: the concept of God as having three ‘persons’ or manifestations: as father, as son,
and as Holy Spirit.
Notes:
Christianity as immanent apocalyptic movement
Gospel = composite/mosaic view of Jesus – robust picture
Messiah as transcending geography
Jesus as result of God’s love and mercy – Jesus as fully divine and fully human
Missionary religion – fulfilling God’s purpose
Pentecost – Disciples don’t know what to do – spirit of God – tongues of Fire
electrocution – disciples can speak different languages = missionary activity sanctioned
by God
Paul as founder of Christianity – his letters- formed the church – got tradition up and
running – he keeps tabs (Mediterranean) - he says it could be for Gentiles
Paul – thematically – he doesn’t stress the day to day activities of Jesus – More on the
nature of Chris – cosmic sense of divine and messiah – as redeemer of human sin – and
his sacrifice to redeem us of sin – the fact that we are hardwired to sin is not bad thing –
we are justified as sinners – and God accepts usLuther builds on this
New identity – Jesus is more concerned with getting my inner state in the right
relationship with God than law and regulations – For Paul this is more important than
outward show – it is faith and not works – idea of sin different in Christianity than in
Judaism
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