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Quiz

A very helful study guide, know in depth definitions for the quizes


Department
Religion
Course Code
RLGA02H3
Professor
David Perley
Study Guide
Quiz

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RLGA02- Study Guide Quiz One
Terms
Apocalypse- divine – God driven term- the veil to be lifted
Eschatology- no real divine influence especially in Judaism/ study of the end/ end
of time/ part of Hellenistic era
Most apocalyptic literature is eschatological in nature and visionary presentation. The
apocalypse is like a genre of eschatology.
Berith-(Hebrew Term) The relationship between God and the Jewish people-
otherwise known as a covenant-a contract with God- purpose of life for those
bound to covenent into which first it was Abraham, then Jacob, and Moses and
the people of Israel , enter with God, since the covenant specifies exactly how
God desires Abrahams descendents to behave.
Pentateuch- Five books of Moses
Mishnah- The act of the oral text becoming the written text
-compilation of the covenant
- Gamarah(written down commentaries on Jewish tradition) is
supplementary
Diaspora: related to the termwandering” – the world outside the Jewish world
– outside the world of Israel
Exodus: Moses saved the Jews/ slaves from Egypt to the promise land
Menorah/wandered in the dessert for 40 days
- walking aimlessly- ten commandments comes out and takes away wandering-
not following God’s word- not walking aimlessly – not focused- ten
commandments symbolizes a purpose
Torah: transfer of knowledge and worldwide- and spreading knowledge across
the world- the art is passing knowledge- wandering with the purpose of
spreading the Torah
Mishnah: oral Torah
Documentary Hypothesis: The theory that the Pentateuch was not written by
one person Moses but compiled together over a long period of time from
multiple sources-
Pentateuch: The Five books of Moses- Exodus, Genesis, Leviticus and
Deuteronomy
Midrash: commentary on the scripture- how we interpret the information and
commentary – perception and interpretation of text
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RLGA02- Study Guide Quiz One
Rabbi: expert of the Torah and knows the Jewish tradition thoroughly –
conservative- leader- people go towards them – provides guidance and
Midrash: know a lot about scipture- and have a strong influence- interpretation
and apply it to do present day- this is the work of the Rabbi- produce their own
interpretation – thus more influential
Sabbath
Tanakh
Torah
Passover
What is a “gentile”?
Basically, what Jews call non-Jews. Pslam 9;17 says all the wicked will go to Sheol.
Meaning all those who do not believe or forget God will go to Sheol. Is Sheol like hell?
Rabbis perceived that as long as people practice the Torah and the righteous path, they
will still enter the gates. The way that Psalm stated who shall enter the gates, was very
broadly compiled together as it stated that Open the gates and the righteous shall enter
(Isaiah 26:2). From what I understood, all people on the right path will go to heaven, it
doesnt matter if you a priest, Levite or from Israel. Reference pg 113
What are the criteria to be in God’s favour?
To be in God’s favour one must follow the practices of the Torah.
Background Content- 68-72
A Ritual Initiation
-Judaism is a historical tradition – founded more than 3200 years ago at Mount Sinai
when a divine revelation was delivered through Moses to the people of Israel
Bar Mitzvah: Son of Commandments, the title given to a thirteen-year- old boy when
he initiated into adult ritual responsibilities; some branches of Judaism also celebrate a
Bat Mitzvah for girls (reflects several of the features that Jews consider most significant in
their tradition generally)
-Coming of age is a regular part of every congregations weekly worship
- The ceremony signifies is the arrival of the age of the ritual and moral responsibility
-The teenager reads two slections from the Hebrew Bible: one from the Pentateuch and
one from the second called the Prophets ( The third section called the Writings, is a
collection of assorted works).
-Significant not only for the family but for the community as its symbolic to when the
Jews
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RLGA02- Study Guide Quiz One
Pentateuch: The five books of Moses, which make up the first section of the Bible.
Modern scholars as the product of several centuries of later literary activity
-The young persons presence may be counted towards the minyan, he or she may be called
to read aloud from the sacred scripture and recite the blessings that are part of every
synagogue service
-The scripture from where he were to read from is called the Torah
Minyan: The quorum of ten required for a prayer service in the synagogue.
Sabbath: The day of rest and for Jews that is Saturday. It is a day for prayer and public
assembly in the Synagogue.
Synagogue: The Jewish house of worship and community meeting.
Torah (“teachings”): (religious law) includes both the entire Hebrew Bible and all the
commentaries on it, but most specifically the law of Moses (the Pentateuch). One must
study the Torah their entire lives, as its the ultimate repository of religious truth
Biblical Narratives: pp. 72-82
Defining Judaism
-Judaism gave rise to two other world religions Christianity and Islam, they also share
spiritual lineage to the biblical patriarch Abraham
-Smallest of the three is Judaism- with a worldwide population of 1 to 2 % the size of its
Christian and Muslim counterparts
-Possible to join the Jewish community by conversion, however the tradition is most
commonly inherited
-Some see themselves as part of a community and part of ethnicity; however dont
consider themselves part of the religion
-Largest population of Jews are in the Americas
-During World War Two, over 6 millions Jews were killed
- Jews believe that God expects all human beings to follow the same fundamental moral
code, which was revealed in a covenant given to Noah after the primeval flood, and is
accessible to the entire human race through reason.
-Jews also understand themselves to be part of the covenant, delivered through the
prophet Moses at Mount Sinai. God too the Israelite people out of Egypt and when he
did, he again claimed them as his people
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