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Final

Final Exam Key Terms


Department
Religion
Course Code
RLGA02H3
Professor
David Perley
Study Guide
Final

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Western Religion Final Exam Key Terms 1
Judaism:
> BAR MITZVAH- ‘SON OF COMMANDMENTS’; THE TITLE GIVEN TO A THIRTEEN YEAR OLD BOY WHEN HE
IS INITIATED INTO ADULT RITUAL RESPONSIBILITIES; SOME BRANCHES ALSO CELEBRATE BAT MITZVAH
(FOR GIRLS). THE TEEN MUST READ 2 SECTIONS (THE PENTATEUCH AND THE PROPHETS). MARK THE
INDIVIDUAL OF AGE AND INTO MATURITY. HE/SHE MAY BE CALLED TO READ ALOUD FROM THE SACRED
SCRIPTURE AND RECITE THE BLESSINGS THAT ARE APART OF EVERY SYNAGOGUE SERVICE.
> GEMARAH- THE BODY OF ARAMAIC COMMENTARY ATTACHED TO THE HEBREW TEXT OF THE
MISHNAH; TOGETHER MAKES UP THE TALMUD ( BOTH BABYLONIAN & RUSALEM TALMUD)
> MINYAN- THE QUORUM OF 10 REQUIRED FOR A PRAYER SERVICE IN A SYNAGOGUE. HE/SHE MAY BE
CALLED TO READ ALOUD FROM THE SACRED SCRIPTURE AND RECITE THE BLESSINGS THAT ARE APART OF
EVERY SYNAGOGUE SERVICE.
> PENTATEUCH- THE FIRST 5 BOOKS OF THE HEBREW BIBLE ASCRIBED BY TRADITION TO MOSES BY
REGARDED BY MODERN SCHOLARS AS THE PRODUCT OF SEVERAL CENTURIES OF LATER LITERARY
ACTIVITIES. THE 5 BOOKS OF MOSES WHICH MAKE UP THE 1ST SECTION OF THE BIBLE
> SEDER- ‘ORDER, THE TERM USED FOR THE RITUAL PASSOVER SUPPER CELEBRATED IN THE HOME, THE 6
DEVISIONS OF THE MISHNAH ARE ALSO CALLED ORDER OR SEDERS
> SEPTUAGINT- THE GREEK TRANSLATION OF THE HEBREW SCRIPTURE, MADE IN ALEXANDRIA IN
HELLENISTIC TIMES
> TEFILLIN- SMALL BLACK LEATHER BOXES, ALSO TERMED PHYLACTERIES, CONTAINING, WORDS AT
SCRIPTURE, TIED TO THE FOREHEAD AND FOREARM BY LEATHER THINGS
Christianity
> CANON- THE LIST OF BOOKS ACKNOWLEDGED AS SCRIPTURE; THE LIST OF ACKNOWLEDGED. CANNON
LAW IS THE ACCUMULATED BODY OF CHURCH REGULATIONS AND DISCIPLINE. CLERGY SUBJECT TO THE
RULE OF A PARTICULAR CATHEDRAL OR CONGREGATION ARE ALSO SOMETIMES TERMED CANONS
> EUCHARIST-THE RITUAL RE-ENACTMENT OF JESUSSACRIFICE OF HIMSELF, PATTERNED AFTER HIS
SHARING OF BREAD AND WINE AS HIS BODY AND BLOOD AT THE FINAL PASSOVER MEAL WITH HIS
DISCIPLES. ORTHODOX CHRISTIANITY TERMS IT THE LITURGY, CATHOLICS= MASS, PROTESTANTS= THE
LORDS SUPPER/ HOLY COMMUNION
> FUNDAMENTALISM- 21ST CENTURY REACTION TO MODERNITY, ORIGINALLY AMONG PROTESTANTS WHO
MAINTAINED THE INFALLIBILITY OF SCRIPTURE AND DOCTRINE.
> GLOSSOLALIA- SPEAKING INTONGUES‘; A DISTINGUISHING FEATURE OF CHARISMATIC MOVEMENTS
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